Why do Upper and Lower Social Classes Exist?

Many years ago peasants worked for their king really hard just to make enough money to eat. Still, today workers, work real hard for a bigger individual with much more power and make just enough to eat, and neither the peasant and the worker agree with this. So? Why does social stratification occur?

There are three paradigms that explain it.

  • Structural functionalism
  • Social conflict theory
  • Symbolic-interactionism

Even though this system seems unfair, people may still believe that maybe that is the place in this society, that type of thoughts are totally linked to ideologies in societies.