Linguistic anthropology is the study of how language has influencesocial life. This science started with the need to document endangered languages. During the last century, it has turned directly to aspects of language use and structure. This science also has to do with how language gives shape to communication, gives social identity and makes human beings part of groups, turning language in a cultural identification.
History of the development of the science
” Alessandro Duranti has noted, three paradigms have emerged over the history of the subdiscipline: the first, now known as “anthropological linguistics,” focuses on the documentation of languages; the second, known as “linguistic anthropology,” engages in theoretical studies of language use; the third, developed over the past two or three decades, studies questions related to other subfields of anthropology with the tools of linguistic inquiry. Though they developed sequentially, all three paradigms are still practiced today.”