What is a Wetland?

“A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water, either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem. The primary factor that distinguishes wetlands from other land forms or water bodies is the characteristic vegetation of aquatic plants, adapted to the unique hydric soil. Wetlands play a number of roles in the environment, principally water purification, flood control, carbon sink and shoreline stability. Wetlands are also considered the most biologically diverse of all ecosystems, serving as home to a wide range of plant and animal life.

Wetlands occur naturally on every continent except Antarctica, the largest include the Amazon River basin, the West Siberian Plain, and the Pantanal in South America. The water found in wetlands can be freshwater, brackish, or saltwater. The main wetland types include swamps, marshes, bogs, and fens; and sub-types include mangrove, carr, pocosin, and varzea.

The UN Millennium Ecosystem Assessment determined that environmental degradation is more prominent within wetland systems than any other ecosystem on Earth. International conservation efforts are being used in conjunction with the development of rapid assessment tools to inform people about wetland issues.

Constructed wetlands can be used to treat municipal and industrial wastewater as well as stormwater runoff. They may also play a role in water-sensitive urban design.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wetland

How Many Types of Plastics Exist and Why?

Plastics are one of humanities most critical inventions, and one of its most dangerous and fierce threats to public and health and wildlife. Critical for transportation, medicine, and food safety its overuse has beared its very negative aspect. One that is specially harsh on Oceans, that now continuously move tons of waste plastics and with it millions of animals die because these things are outside their natural habitat and have not evolved to suvive them.

Plastics are classified according to its layers of plastic and special properties according to market demand.

  1. Polyethylene Terephthalate: Also called PET, it is the common plastic used for household activities. It is the common plastic to be recycled in most countries.
  2. High-Density Polyethylene ( HDPE) is a plastic known to not transmit any chemicals in the food it contains. It is recommended not to use any container of this type of plastic that originally did not contain food to store food.
  3. Polyvinyl Chloride: Also named PVC is the plastic used for tubes and pipes. It can be very harmful if ingested so it is preferable to avoid contact with food.
  4. Low-Density Polyethylene: Is a plastic sometimes recycled. Some of its characteristics are the durability and flexibility. Plastic grocery bags are made from this type of plastic.
  5. Polypropylene: PP is a strong and durable plastic resistant to high temperatures. Plastic bottle caps, lunch boxes and yogurt pots are made from this type of plastic.
  6. Polystyrene: A common but difficult to recycle plastics. Plastic cups and food boxes are made from this type of plastic.
  7. Code 7: Polycarbonate and polylactide are included in this category because of the difficulty in recycling them. Baby bottles, CD´s and medical containers are made of this Code 7 plastics.

Here is a video of plastics, plastic waste, water and plastic.

The great pacific garbage patch

What is an Aquamarine Gemstone?

” Aquamarine (from Latin: aqua marina, being, water: sea, i.e. sea water, marīna, from marīnus; of the sea.) is a blue or cyan variety of beryl. It occurs at most localities which yield ordinary beryl. The gem-gravel placer deposits of Sri Lanka contain aquamarine. Clear yellow beryl, such as that occurring in Brazil, is sometimes called aquamarine chrysolite. The deep blue version of aquamarine is called maxixe. Maxixe is commonly found in the country of Madagascar. Its color fades to white when exposed to sunlight or is subjected to heat treatment, though the color returns with irradiation.

The pale blue color of aquamarine is attributed to Fe2+. Fe3+ ions produce golden-yellow color, and when both Fe2+ and Fe3+ are present, the color is a darker blue as in Maxixe. Decoloration of maxixe by light or heat thus may be due to the charge transfer between Fe3+and Fe2+. Dark-blue maxixe color can be produced in green, pink or yellow beryl by irradiating it with high-energy particles (gamma rays, neutrons or even X-rays). 

In the United States, aquamarines can be found at the summit of Mt. Antero in the Sawatch Range in central Colorado. In Wyoming, aquamarine has been discovered in the Big Horn Mountains, near Powder River Pass. Another location within the United States is the Sawtooth Range near Stanley, Idaho, although the minerals are within a wilderness area which prevents collecting. In Brazil, there are mines in the states of Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo, and Bahia, and minorly in Rio Grande do Norte. The mines of Colombia, Zambia, Madagascar, Malawi, Tanzania, and Kenya also produce aquamarine.

The largest aquamarine of gemstone quality ever mined was found in Marambaia, Minas Gerais, Brazil, in 1910. It weighed over 110 kg (240 lb), and its dimensions were 48.5 cm (19 in) long and 42 cm (17 in) in diameter. The largest cut aquamarine gem is the Dom Pedro aquamarine, now housed in the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of Natural History.”  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beryl#Aquamarine_and_maxixe

What are Sequoias?

” Sequoiadendron giganteum (giant sequoia; also known as giant redwood, Sierra redwood, Sierran redwood, Wellingtonia or simply Big Tree—a nickname used by John Muir) is the sole living species in the genus Sequoiadendron, and one of three species of coniferous trees known as redwoods, classified in the family Cupressaceae in the subfamily Sequoioideae, together with Sequoia sempervirens (coast redwood) and Metasequoia glyptostroboides (dawn redwood). The common use of the name Sequoia generally refers to Sequoiadendron giganteum, which occurs naturally only in groves on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada Mountains of California.

The etymology of the genus name has been presumed—initially in The Yosemite Book by Josiah Whitney in 1868—to be in honor of Sequoyah (1767–1843), who was the inventor of the Cherokee syllabary. An etymological study published in 2012, however, concluded that the name was more likely to have originated from the Latin sequi (meaning to follow) since the number of seeds per cone in the newly-classified genus fell in mathematical sequence with the other four genera in the suborder.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequoiadendron_giganteum

How is Silk Made?

” Silk is produced by several insects, but generally, only the silk of moth caterpillars has been used for textile manufacturing. There has been some research into other types of silk, which differ at the molecular level. Silk is mainly produced by the larvae of insects undergoing complete metamorphosis, but some insects such as webspinners and raspy crickets produce silk throughout their lives. Silk production also occurs in Hymenoptera (bees, wasps, and ants), silverfish, mayflies, thrips, leafhoppers, beetles, lacewings, fleas, flies, and midges. Other types of arthropod produce silk, most notably various arachnids such as spiders.

Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. The protein fiber of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons. The best-known silk is obtained from the cocoons of the larvae of the mulberry silkwormBombyx more reared in captivity (sericulture). The shimmering appearance of silk is due to the triangular prism-like structure of the silk fiber, which allows silk cloth to refract incoming light at different angles, thus producing different colors.

Silk fabric was first developed in ancient China. The earliest example of silk fabric has been found in a Neolithic site in Henan and is dating back 8,500 years. Silk fabric from 3630 BC was used as wrapping the body of a child from a Yangshao culture site in Qingtaicun at Xingyang, Henan.

Legend gives credit for developing silk to a Chinese empress, Leizu (Hsi-Ling-Shih, Lei-Tzu). Silks were originally reserved for the Emperors of China for their own use and gifts to others but spread gradually through Chinese culture and trade both geographically and socially, and then to many regions of Asia. Because of its texture and luster, silk rapidly became a popular luxury fabric in the many areas accessible to Chinese merchants. Silk was in great demand and became a staple of pre-industrial international trade. In July 2007, archaeologists discovered intricately woven and dyed silk textiles in a tomb in Jiangxi province, dated to the Eastern Zhou Dynasty roughly 2,500 years ago. Although historians have suspected a long history of a formative textile industry in ancient China, this find of silk textiles employing “complicated techniques” of weaving and dyeing provides direct evidence for silks dating before the Mawangdui-discovery and other silks dating to the Han Dynasty (202 BC-220 AD).

Silk is described in a chapter on mulberry planting by Si Shengzhi of the Western Han (206 BC – 9 AD). There is a surviving calendar for silk production in an Eastern Han (25–220 AD) document. The two other known works on silk from the Han period are lost. The first evidence of the long distance silk trade is the finding of silk in the hair of an Egyptian mummy of the 21st dynasty, c.1070 BC. The silk trade reached as far as the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, Europe, and North Africa. This trade was so extensive that the major set of trade routes between Europe and Asia came to be known as the Silk Road.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silk

What are the Strangest Things Found on the Beach?

The beach carries all the trash to the shore, but not all the things it carries are useless some of it are quite interesting or useful. The most strange things found on the beach! From weird unknown creatures to mysterious underwater findings, you won’t believe this top list of bizarre and odd discoveries.

San Francisco Tombstones
It’s not unusual to find objects that have washed up on beaches, but residents of San Francisco were in for a surprise in 2012 when some particularly somber items started appearing.
Local residents started finding tombstones in the sand of people that had died in the 1800’s. First,there was one from 1876, then one from 1890, and they kept on showing up. While this may seem like a dark secret coming to light, the explanation for all of this was far more simple.
The reason it had been happening was to do with construction works that had been done to help protect the beaches. The area had formerly been used as a graveyard, but the bodies had long been moved inland. The stones, on the other hand, proved too costly to be moved and were, instead, re-purposed. They were used as breakwaters, gutter liners and to construct a seawall, and it appears as if it is some of these had broken loose and washed up on the beach.

 Severed Feet
Since 2007 beaches and islands on the coast of British Columbia in Canada and Washington state in America have seen a particularly gruesome series of objects washing up on them- human feet that, in most cases, are still in their shoes. In total, 16 feet have been found. Disturbingly only two of these were left feet, which were matched with right feet that also washed up, meaning that the rest must have come from at least 14 different people.

It’s completely unknown how these feet arrived on these beaches. Only four people have been identified as their owners, but there are plenty of suggestions of how such a thing might happen.
The strange thing here is that only feet have been found, and no bodies. Some people suspect foul play by gangsters, others think they have come from the victims of a plane crash near the area in 2005, and some have suggested they may actually have come from victims of the Asian tsunami in 2004. All of them have been found within shoes that would provide enough buoyancy for them to be carried by currents across the ocean, so it is completely feasible.
The true origin of the feet might be a bit closer to home, though. One of those that were found have been linked to a man, and two of the feet have been identified as being from a woman who jumped from the Pattullo Bridge in 2004. It’s quite possible, therefore, that these feet have all come from people who suffered similar fates in the surrounding area.

As one of the grossest objects you could ever find on the beach, Ambergris is probably the one from this list that you’d most hope to find, because it turns out that this stuff is incredibly valuable. This substance is made when sperm whales eject an intestinal slurry into the ocean. From here it floats and bobs in the waves and, years later, washes up. You’d be forgiven for thinking this was an uninteresting object amongst the rocks, sand, and shells that you normally find. It can be found in many forms such as large blocks, balls, egg shapes, jagged pieces or hard rolls, and has a unique smell that purportedly has notes of seaweed, farm animals and maybe a fecal note. Lumps that have been in the ocean for a long time, though, will have a sweeter, earthy scent to them.

This smelly rarity, and the unique chemical properties that Ambergris has is the reason behind its high value. It was, for a long time, a key ingredient for high-end perfume makers like Chanel and Lanvin because of its ability to fix the scent to human skin. While alternatives have been found in recent times, it is still a highly sought after substance— a 1.1 Kilogram lump that was found in Wales in 2015. Sold for £11,000 (around $13,400) at auction later that year.

What Shocking and TERRIFYING Natural Disasters Have Occurred?

Shocking natural disasters have occurred from earthquakes, volcano eruptions and hurricanes to tornados, cyclones, and tsunamis! These events have left a chaotic scene behind them. Tangshan earthquake happened during the night meanwhile everybody was sleepping, so terryfying……

Tangshan Earthquake
On July 28th, 1976 at 3:45am The Great Tangshan Earthquake struck China. The 7.8 magnitude earthquake hit an area where it was completely unexpected and affected over 240,000 people- making it the biggest earthquake of the 20th century. Bizarre things started to happen in villages around the industrial city of Tangshan the day before the earthquake. Well water reportedly rose and fell three times the day before the earthquake. 1000 chickens refused to eat and ran around squawking. Mice and weasels were seen running around looking for a place to hide. Fireballs were seen across the sky followed by loud roaring noises. When the earthquake hit over 1 million people were sleeping and did not have time to take cover. Though 80% of people trapped under rubble were saved, a 7.1 magnitude aftershock affected others who were waiting for help. People were buried quickly usually close to their houses which later caused health problems, especially after it rained and the people were again exposed. Before the shocking 1976 earthquake, scientists didn’t think Tangshan was in a susceptible area and the buildings were not built to withstand the force.

Cyclone Nargis
Cyclone Nargis rates as One of the most destructive cyclones of all time. With winds over 120 mph Cyclone Nargis became one of Asia’s greatest storms by hitting land at one of the lowest points in Myanmar (also called Burma) and Setting off a storm surge reaching 25 miles inland. A Cyclone is a hurricane that occurs in the northern Indian Ocean or the Bay of Bengal. It is the first time such an intense storm has been known to hit the delta region.
The cyclone Tore apart 37 townships in two terrifying days. Most of the affected were in the delta, where farm families sleeping in shacks barely above sea level were swept away. Residents literally had nowhere to run, with the Area being primarily low-lying rice fields that were simply and quickly swept away. Cyclone Nargis brought along storm surges and major flooding to the area, while the cyclone itself rated an equivalent of a category 3 or 4 hurricanes on the Saffir-Simpson scale. According to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent societies, a shocking 84,500 people were affected and 53,800 went missing and have still not been found. In total, the cyclone affected the lives of 2.4 million people. 75% of Burma’s health facilities in the affected areas were destroyed or severely damaged. The Reluctance of the junta to allow aid into Burma slowed down the response of aid agencies and led to a much higher outcome.

Yangtze River Floods
The Yangtze River, the longest river in Asia, also is One of the world’s major waterways. Flooding of the Yangtze River in central and eastern China have occurred periodically and have caused significant loss of life and destruction.
Over the centuries the Chinese have tried to control the river through levees, cutting it off from lakes that once acted as natural flood control and deforestation for cropland created more runoff since the land could no longer handle heavy rains. During the winter of 1931, Snowstorms were much heavier than usual in the mountains surrounding the river basins, and when spring began, the snow melted and flowed into the rivers. Spring then brought very heavy rain and then cyclone season arrived. The flood of 1931 Covered more than 30,000 square miles, affected more than 300,000 people, and left 51 million people homeless or severely affected by the Central China Floods according to the NOAA. Nanjing City, the capital of China at the time, became an island, surrounded by more than a shocking 100,000 square kilometers of water. That’s bigger than the country of Portugal.

Nevado Del Ruiz Volcano Eruption
The Nevado del Ruiz Volcano eruption is known as the Second largest volcano-related disaster of the 20th century. Located in Colombia, it is a stratovolcano, a volcano built of alternating layers of lava and ash. A relatively small eruption on November 13,1985 caused a terrifying mud flow that caught almost 25,000 people in the town of Armero. 3 other towns were also affected when ash spewed out of the volcano, melting the icecap and carrying mud and debris down the mountain at a shocking 30 miles an hour. Known locally as “the Sleeping Lion”, it had not erupted for nearly 150 years.

When Was The End of The World Near?

Even though we do not know little of this events, huge events of active volcanoes have struck the atmosphere turning it in a possible end of the world! Check out all the times we were close to the end of the World without even knowing it….

Mount Tambora Volcano, Indonesia
Mount Tambora is an active volcano in Indonesia, that erupted with such force that It caused worldwide climate change in 1815. Tambora boasts the largest volcanic eruption in the recorded history of the world. More than 13,000 feet high, Tambora blasted 12 cubic miles of gases, dust, and rock into the atmosphere. Rivers of ash burned grasslands and forests, and tsunamis formed. Fire-generated winds uprooted trees. Incandescent ash poured down the slopes at more than 100 miles an hour. 10,000 people lost their lives as a direct result of the eruption, but that was just the beginning. Throughout the region, ash rained down for weeks. Houses hundreds of miles from the mountain collapsed under the debris and fresh water was contaminated. Crops and forests ceased to exist. All told It was the biggest eruption in history, eliminating an estimated 90,000 people, most of them by starvation.
Millions of tons of sulphur dioxide spewed out into earth’s atmosphere forming A toxic cloud that covered the Earth in darkness causing temperatures to drop. 1816 was also known as the year without a summer. Snow was reported still falling in New England well into June. Few events in history show more dramatically how Earth, its atmosphere and its inhabitants are interdependent. It is said that these dark summer months influenced Lord Byron’s poem “Darkness” where “Morn came and went-and came, and brought no day” and Mary Shelley to start work on her novel Frankenstein.

The Spanish Flu
In 1918, amidst the gunfire, People thought the world was going to, the end. Not from the fighting, but from the Spanish Flu. The influenza or Spanish flu pandemic from 1918-1919 was the biggest in modern history, Infecting 500 million people worldwide. About 1/3 of the planet’s population at the time, and eliminated between 20-50 million people. The illness was Highly contagious and easily transmitted through the air. Anyone who later inhaled the virus or touched something with the virus could be gone within a few days. In the trenches, a sick military cook could lead to thousands being infected in just days. It wasn’t long before the disease was Taking down one million people a week with victims drowning in their own lungs. The Spanish flu took the lives of 25 million people in just 25 weeks. This makes the Spanish flu the biggest sickness in the history of recorded victims although the exact numbers are impossible to know due to a lack of medical record-keeping in many places. It is said the Spanish flu eliminated more in 25 weeks than ADS did in 24 years. People thought the world’s population was going to be totally wiped out from the sickness. What was so surprising is that most of its victims were healthy and active young people. Journalist Gina Kolata reported that More US soldiers suffered from the 1918 flu than were eliminated in battle during the war.

Bonilla Comet
When this photograph was taken in 1883, people believed that it was The first photographic evidence of UFOs. Now scientist believe that it have been the comet that nearly hit the earth in 1883. Mexican astronomer Jose Bonilla took this picture in August which Looks like something passing in front of the sun. Researchers at the National Autonomous University of Mexico propose that the object Bonilla saw were Fragments of a massive comet that narrowly missed the Earth. The parent comet is estimated to have been 8x the mass of Halley’s comet, with the same mass as the object that wiped out the dinosaurs. The smallest fragment was about 164 feet across and the biggest about 2.5 miles wide. Each one was Exponentially more powerful than an atom bomb, and if they had hit the planet, would have probably caused the end of days. Luckily, the pieces missed the planet, but only by a few hundred miles.
In 1908, An object of similar size smashed into Russia. Known as the Tunguska Event, the blast was 1,000 times more powerful than an atom bomb and destroyed 80 million trees in a moment.

The Cuban Missile Crisis
The Cuban Missile Crisis was A pivotal moment in the Cold. 50 years ago, the US and the Soviet Union were close to fighting more than any other moment in history. On October 15, 1962, President Kennedy was informed of a U2 spy plane discovery of Soviet Nuclear tipped missiles in Cuba.

What are the MOST Dangerous Beaches In The World?

The most dangerous beaches around the world are located in different continents Africa, Australia and Asia. Many sharks and jellyfish swim in its beautiful waters or cases are that sewage waters are drained turning it more likely to catch some disease than a good time.

Check out the most dangerous beaches in the world!

Gansbaai, South Africa
Known as the Great White Shark diving capital of the world, the stretch of water between Gansbaai and Dyer Island in South Africa is also known as “shark alley”.
These sharks are drawn to the area because of the Colony of 60,000 Cape Fur seals living in and around that small channel of water. Instead of driving people away, the sharks are The main source of tourism in the area. Visitors from all over the world come to go cage diving in order to see these predators up close.
If you’re up for adventure travel then this would be the perfect vacation for you. Without the cage, it is One of the most dangerous areas to go for a swim in the world. Only because a person swimming might look a lot like a seal.
In 2013, a Couple on their honeymoon went on a cage dive and a great white approached, swam right past the bait, fit its head through the bars and thrashed around, trying to get at the couple. It almost killed the groom but, he survived. The near-tragedy Prompted critics to tell people to not cage dive, citing that chumming waters looking for sharks leads to fatalities.

Chowpatty Beach, India
Chowpatty Beach is both India’s most famous beach and One of the most polluted in the world. Even though the sea is unfit for swimming, every year hundreds of locals celebrate the Hindu festival of Ganesha Chaturthi on the beach. During the festival, it’s a Tradition to wash their idols of Lord Ganapati in the ocean water.
Because of the high amount of pollution, celebrants are more likely to Catch nasty diseases like e. Coli and hepatitis. The causes of the pollution can be traced to discharge from sewage pipes, waste from storm drains, and open defecation. For a long time, the beach itself was Covered in debris and scraps from salvaged ships. In August of 2016, the sands of the beach mysteriously turned black. An oil slick was blamed but the source of the oil was never found.

Fraser Island, Australia
Fraser Island, off the coast of Australia, is The world’s largest sand island. This paradise is extremely popular for camping and ecotourism but before you go, you should be aware of what lurks beneath the sand and sea.
Sharks and potentially jellyfish fill the waters around Fraser Island. Rip currents also pose a threat to swimmers and surfers. The beach isn’t much better, either. The island is home to some of the world’s most dangerous spiders, wild dingos, and large crocodiles. Spinal injuries are common from visitors careening around the sand dunes on four wheelers.
Every year there is a steady stream of accidents. The RACQ CareFlight is a charity-backed service that doesn’t charge its patients for rescue helicopter missions. From 2013-2014 the helicopters flew 64 rescue missions to Fraser Island.
During an average summer holiday, 40 to 50 emergency calls are made to paramedics. So far, at least one child has been taken by dingoes on Fraser Island and countless others have been Stung by the Irukandji jellyfish and airlifted out. Before visiting this natural wonderland, just be aware of what dangers you might face. And don’t feed the dingos!

Island of La Reunion, Indian Ocean
This little-known gem of the Indian Ocean, 140 miles from Mauritius, is One of the most intriguing spots on Earth. With an active volcano, forests, mountains, and scenic beaches what more could you ask of the tropical paradise? Just don’t go in the water.
For some reason, the waters off La Reunion are One of the most dangerous shark attack spots in the world. While in Mauritius, people are happily swimming, surfing, snorkeling, and scuba diving, at La Reunion, people barely dip more than a toe in the water because of a fear of shark attacks.
Since 2011 there have been 18 shark attacks resulting in 7 casualties. This means that in the past 5 years, 13% of all the world’s fatal shark attacks have occurred on this 40-mile long island.
In 2013 Officials placed a ban on swimming and surfing on more than half of the coastline. Before 2011, shark attacks were infrequent and rarely fatal. No one is sure why there are suddenly so many sharks in the area. One victim of the attacks was a 13-year-old up and coming surfer named Elio Canestri in April 2013. He went surfing after leaving a note for his mother and was caught while surfing in an unmonitored area.
Experts say that the Main culprits for the attacks are bull sharks, which are the most aggressive tropical sharks.

What are the worst things that humans LIKE YOU can do to hurt the planet?

We have explored nature since the day we stepped on this planet and at the very beginning, things went well with the interference of human and nature. As times goes by this has turned into a harmful relationship, more and more disasters occur on our planet enhanced in part due to humans affecting ecological factors. 
Pet Goldfish Become Monsters
A goldfish is An iconic part of many children’s lives. If treated well, they can live for decades. However, goldfish are having a huge impact on the environment because of their well-intentioned owners. Goldfish, which are members of the carp family, are Introduced into lakes and streams by owners wanting to free their fish or get rid of a pet they didn’t expect to live so long. So maybe not always with good intentions. Goldfish may even get into local waters because owners thought their pet was dead and flushed it down a toilet.
Scientists stringently warn against the “toilet funeral” because, sometimes, a fish may not be deceased. If it survives the trip through the sewer system and into the local waterways, then it will become an invasive species. If it is deceased, then that little fish-corpse Could introduce disease and parasites to the area.
Goldfish are limited by the size of its tank, which is why we often think of them as small creatures. However, here you can see a picture of Raphael Biagini who caught a 30lb koi carp in a lake in the south of France in 2010. Fellow anglers told him they had Spent 6 years trying to snare the legendary goldfish.
In 2013 researchers discovered giant goldfish lurking in Lake Tahoe that was about 1.5 feet (0.45 meters) long. The goldfish seem to be thriving and are said to be breeding quickly. Experts are now worried that The invasive species could severely impact the Lake Tahoe ecosystem.
To add to the problems Goldfish eat by stirring up the bottom of lakes, suspending the sediment in the water making it difficult for aquatic plants to grow. They reproduce quickly and are hard to remove. Obviously, many researchers are concerned that this invasive species will push out local species of fish. Sue Williams, an ecology professor at UC Davis and lead author of the report on Lake Tahoe says that In “aquarium dumping” when owners throw their fish into bodies of water rather than remove them, Accounts for a third of the world’s worst invasive species. She says that even eliminating them is better than dumping them in the wild. You may save the life of one fish but by doing so You could wipe out a whole population of native fish. Please try to find your fish a new home.

Spraying for Zika Mosquitos Destroys Millions of Bees
Zika causes flu-like symptoms in adults and has been Linked to children born with an underdeveloped brain, called microcephaly, as well as other birth defects. The disease is expected to spread to all in countries in the Americas except Canada and Chile. It Remains a global health emergency according to the (World Health Organization) WHO. After a dozen cases of travel-related Zika appeared in South Carolina, officials in Dorchester County decided to get ahead of an epidemic. For the first time on Sunday, September 28, 2016, Planes flew over the county raining down a pesticide called Naled. The US began using Naled in 1959 according to the EPA, and supposedly the chemical dissipates so quickly it is not a hazard to people. Really? Naled is banned in Europe and is Known to also cause harm to human fetuses. Exactly what they are trying to prevent…
Usually, the insecticide is sprayed by truck to Control mosquitoes in the Southern US and comes with all sorts of warnings so that local beekeepers can protect their hives. However, when Dorchester County officials decided to try something new, They never even considered the beehives. They figured they would cover more area by spraying from the air and prevent a Zika crisis. When the owners of Flowertown Bee Farm and Supplies went out later, They found their 46 hives were destroyed and 2.4 million bees were eliminated. Other local beekeepers also lost all of their hives and there were reports of wild bees being found deceased.
Besides the beekeepers and honey farms, Farmers depend on those little insects to pollinate their crops. Honeybees along with other pollinators provide invaluable pollinating services, which help produce approximately $19 billion worth of agricultural crops in the U.S. alone.

The Giant African Snail Invasion
In 1936, the giant African Snail was Introduced into Hawaii as a garden ornament. Within ten years, the snail became a major pest on the tropical island because it was eating its way through the island’s agricultural fields.

What are The Strangest Plants on Earth?

Mother Earth contains a vast biodiversity and most of it is completely unknown. Scientists say that we may probably never know many plants because of extinction. One of this incredible plants on earth and that many may have heard of are the “carnivorous plants” best name Venus Flytrap. This plant has an interesting mechanism of feeding, it consists in trapping between its leaves. The leaves are ultrasensitive to any movement on them and that is how it traps lazy insects that risk stopping on them.

The Bloodwood Tree
The bloodwood tree is Something out of a horror movie. Even the name sounds spooky, right? Well, that’s with good reason. If a branch is hacked off this tree, it oozes sap that is The consistency and color of human blood. Its crimson sap tries to seal it’s ‘wounds’, much like our own blood coagulates if we get cut. Native to southern Africa, local tribes believed the Blood of this tree had magical properties and is now used in modern medicine to treat malaria, ringworm, and scabies as well as increasing the supply of breast milk. It’s Wood is very easy to work with, makes great furniture (once you get rid of all the ´blood´), polishes nicely and shrinks very little when drying. This, along with its durability, makes it very valuable to the indigenous people of central and Southern Africa. These trees are being harvested at an unsustainable rate. The Bloodwood Tree grows to be a massive 12 to 18m tall, has an umbrella shape, and bears yellow flowers.

The Venus Flytrap
Probably the Most famous carnivorous plant, the Venus Flytrap has very efficient traps that can capture everything from insects to small frogs in its toothed leaves. The leaves are Covered in ultra sensitive fine hairs that snap shut once something touches them. The trap will shut in less than a second! When the insect or whatever it is gets trapped, the Leaves close tighter and tighter to squash it. The Venus Flytrap then releases mucus and enzymes to seal the trap and Digest its prey by dissolving it, creating an insect soup. Yum! If you don’t have one I highly recommend you get one! They are actually Pretty easy to take care of, just make sure you don’t feed it too often. The extra nutrients are good for it but they Can only close their jaws around 3-5 times before the bud dies off. Also, make sure they stay warm. In high school, I had an amazing collection with plants from all over the world. I think they are the coolest things ever!

Giant Sequoia
Sequoiadendron giganteum is like their name suggests, Gigantic trees found only in one place on Earth, the Sierra Nevada mountain range of California. Almost as old as the dinosaurs, they have been traced back to The Triassic Period 200 million years ago. They’ve been in CA for at least 20 million years.
The Giant Forest, in Sequoia National Park, is home to half of the Earth’s largest and longest-living trees. General Sherman is considered the largest Giant Sequoia in the world. Sherman is about 2100 years old, weighs 2.7 million pounds, and is an incredible 275ft tall. It Takes 20 years for the Giant Sequoia to mature and produce cones which are dispersed by beetles, squirrels, or the wind! The incredibly thick bark of the Sequoia makes it Almost completely fire resistant and their cones will normally open immediately after a fire. The National Park Service holds Controlled fires to promote perfect growing conditions for the trees and eliminate competing species.
In the past, the Sequoia was logged extensively even though they were not very good for producing lumber and would usually smash to bits when they hit the ground.

Welwitschia Mirabilis
Perhaps unfairly Labeled the world’s ugliest plant, this rare plant is only found in the desert of Namibia. While it’s not the prettiest thing to look at, it is truly unique. The Welwitschia is actually The world’s most resistant plant. It has a life span of 500 to 1500 years and can survive some extreme weather conditions. Its large, wide leaves protect it from the soil which can get over 149 degrees Fahrenheit! It only has two leaves which grow continuously at an average of 13.8cm per year. This could mean up to 150m of tissue growth over 1000 years! Its leaves are around 1.4cm thick and help Prevent sand erosion from uprooting the plant. The Namibian desert can have less than 100mm of rainfall a year, but this tough guy can survive up to 5 years with no rain! It’s secret is that it Captures moisture from sea fogs and long tap roots that search for underground water. The leaves often split due to being whipped about in high wind. Interestingly, Welwitschia Has separate male and female plants. The plant is said to be very tasty either raw or baked in hot ashes, and this is how it got its other name, Onyanga, which means onion of the desert.

What are The Top CREEPIEST Places In The World?

Here are some of the top creepiest, scariest places in the world. Most of these unexplained places are haunted by ghosts and straight out of a horror movie. Check out the spooky Aokigahara Forest, the weird Poveglia Island, the scary Chapel of Bones, the haunted Old Jewish Cemetary, the dangerous Leap Castle, the mysterious Overtoun Bridge and the creepy Capuchin Catacombs.

Aokigahara forest

Japan The Aokigahara Forest is so thick with foliage that it is known as the Sea of Trees. Countless visitors travel here with no intention of leaving. About 100 people a year go to Suicide Forest to commit suicide, mostly by hanging themselves. The forest is naturally eerie with trees that twist and turn, their roots winding across the forest floor in treacherous threads. Because of its location at the base of a mountain, the ground is uneven, rocky, and perforated with hundreds of caves. It is described as extremely still and silent, and the trees are tightly packed together and block the wind and wildlife are sparse. Officials put up signs with messages like, “Your life is a precious gift from your parents,” and “Please consult with the police before you decide to die,” to dissuade people from killing themselves. Despite their efforts, every year the number of suicides in the forest increases. Police and volunteers trek through the Sea of Trees to bring bodies back to civilization for a proper burial. If you dare to venture into this forbidding forest, do as the signs suggest and stay on the path or you may find something you may not want to see.

Poveglia Island

Italy With several hundred years of cruel death on its hands, stepping foot on Poveglia Island is a sure way to scare yourself stupid.The final rest-less place of thousands of diseased, murderous and insane people, Poveglia is the convergence of everything we know about evil. Poveglia is a small island near Venice that was used as a quarantine for possibly 150,000 people with the plague from 1793 to 1814. Their bodies were buried in mass graves or burned and it is said that the soil is 50% human ashes, perfect for gardening. Napoleon also used it to store weapons. In the 20s, a mental hospital was built to welcome anybody that showed symptoms of any sort of sickness, physical or mental. It was run by a doctor rumored to have tortured and killed many of his patients before he finally jumped out of the asylum’s bell tower to his death. There are no boats that make regular stops at the island. The Italian tourism board prohibits visiting the island and requires a lengthy application process, where you must obtain approval before you can go to the human ash-covered island. But as with most things, for the right price you can hire someone with a boat to take you over there, no approval necessary. It was apparently leased by an Italian Businessman in 2014 named Luigi (of course) and he is still trying to decide what to do with it.

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Chapel of Bones

Portugal There is a church in the Portuguese City of Evora. Inside this church, is the frightful “Capela dos Ossos” or the Chapel of Bones. This peculiar chapel (to say the least) was built in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. The story goes that there were three monks who were in charge of the planning and building of the chapel, and their goal was for their fellow monks to contemplate the ephemeral, volatile, and transitory nature of life. I think it worked!! Geez. Apparently, it was quite a popular idea because there are many chapels made out of bones all over Europe. At the time of the Chapel of Bones’ construction, the city’s two Franciscan cemeteries were overflowing and the remains had to be exhumed to create more space. That’s when they thought to create a chapel with the bones and skulls serving as decoration for the walls, columns, arches, and domes. Um yeah, great idea! Creepy much??It is estimated that at least 5,000 cadavers were used in construction. To access the Chapel of Bones, you must pass through a door with the following message written over the threshold: We bones, are here, waiting for yours.

In addition to the thousands of human bones that decorate the chapel, there are two human mummies hanging from one of the walls. One of the corpses is a man, and the other is a young child. Although their identities remain unknown, apparently they were found together and then hung there. One legend has it that they were father and son and the son mistreated his mother, in an act of which the father was accomplice. When the mother was dying she is thought to have cursed them both. Another legend claims that the man was an adulterer and the child his sinful offspring.

The Best Places On Earth Ever!

Mother EARTH has outstanding places, incredible forests or the marvelous clear waters on the sea. We sometimes just do not believe this beautiful places exist, read on and find the location of these magnificent places.

Albuquerque International Hot Air Balloon Fiesta (New Mexico)
The Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta takes place in October every year and sees the skies of New Mexico being decorated with the sight of hundreds of hot air balloons. The Fiesta began in 1972 with the launch of 13 balloons from the parking lot of a shopping mall, but since then it has grown and grown into the biggest event of its kind in the world. The balloons now launch from the 365 acre Balloon Fiesta Park, and the event culminates with the coordinated launch of over 700 of them. It is the largest annual international event that is held in the United States, and a simply stunning sight to see. You’ll see balloons in all shapes and colors, featuring famous characters and artistic designs.
As well as the flights, there a numerous competitions that take place including the Fiesta challenge where balloonists drop markers onto targets, the Challenge Gas Balloon Race that sees special long distance balloons competing for total distance travelled, and the Flight of Nations Mass Ascension where balloonists from each country launch one at a time to the sound of their national anthems. Out of this entire list, this is the only one that I have been to as my parents live in Albuquerque. I definitely recommend going to see it!

Diwali Festival (Karnataka, India)
Diwali, or the festival of lights, is the most celebrated Hindu festival and takes place around October every year. The festival commemorates different stories from history depending on where it is being held. North Indians, for example, commemorate Lord Ram’s return after 14 years of exile and killing the demon King Ravan. Different states celebrate different legends during the festivities, but the overall theme is that of light triumphing over darkness.
Diwali is celebrated over 5 days through prayer and the release of various lanterns, fireworks, and anything that will light up the night. The festivities that take place in Karnataka in India are especially impressive because of the sheer scale of the lamps that are placed in every courtyard in the area and that are released into the sky.

Salar De Uyuni (Bolivia)
The Salar De Uyuni is the world’s largest salt flat. Located in Southwest Bolivia, it covers an area of 4,086 square miles and was formed when several prehistoric lakes dried up. This has resulted in a salt crust that is several feet thick, and that is incredibly flat. The large expanse of glistening white salt provides views that you won’t see anywhere else in the world and is a truly unique experience.
While during the dry season these flats are a wonder to witness, the Salar De Uyuni really comes into its own during the rainy season in February. With a thin cover of water, the flats perfectly reflect the sky above, and it becomes impossible to determine where the sky ends and where the land begins. It’s really a once in a lifetime opportunity to get some incredible images and is absolutely worth the long trip to get there.

Pingxi Sky Lantern Festival (Taiwan)
Taiwan’s Pingxi Sky Lantern Festival takes place in February of each year. Originally designed to transmit military information, the lanterns began being used at the beginning of the spring planting season in Taiwan as a prayer for the upcoming year. They would write things like “May the harvests be bountiful” and “May a son soon be born” before releasing them into the sky so they could rise up to the ancestors to pray for blessings.
Today this tradition is observed across the island, where thousands and thousands of lanterns are released and light up the sky. It’s simply a stunning sight, and visitors travel from all around the world to witness it and take part, with everyone being encouraged to fly a lantern of their own.
As well as the floating lanterns, there are also lantern parades, which involve huge lanterns, some more than 30 feet tall and playing their own music, being walked through the streets. They usually depict the different animals of the Chinese Zodiac, as well as images of historical figures, birds, and images of them of that year’s celebrations.