” An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as likely to become extinct. Endangered (EN), as categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List, is the second most severe conservation status for wild populations in the IUCN’s schema after Critically Endangered (CR). In 2012, the IUCN Red List featured 3079 animal and 2655 plant species as endangered (EN) worldwide. The figures for 1998 were, respectively, 1102 and 1197.
Many nations have laws that protect conservation-reliant species: for example, forbidding hunting, restricting land development or creating preserves. Population numbers, trends and species’ conservation status can be found in the lists of organisms by population.
Though labeled a list, the IUCN Red List is a system of assessing the global conservation status of species that includes “Data Deficient” (DD) species – species for which more data and assessment is required before their status may be determined – as well species comprehensively assessed by the IUCN’s species assessment process. Those species of “Near Threatened” (NT) and “Least Concern” (LC) status have been assessed and found to have relatively robust and healthy populations, though these may be in decline. Unlike their more general use elsewhere, the List uses the terms “endangered species” and “threatened species” with particular meanings: “Endangered” (EN) species lie between “Vulnerable” (VU) and “Critically Endangered” (CR) species, while “Threatened” species are those species determined to be Vulnerable, Endangered or Critically Endangered.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endangered_species