What is Entomology?

Entomology (from Ancient Greek ἔντομον (entomon), meaning ‘insect’, and -λογία (-logia), meaning ‘study of’[1]) is the scientific study of insects, a branch of zoology. In the past the term “insect” was more vague, and historically the definition of entomology included the study of terrestrial animals in other arthropod groups or other phyla, such as arachnidsmyriapodsearthwormsland snails, and slugs. This wider meaning may still be encountered in informal use. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entomology

Like several of the other fields that are categorized within zoology, entomology is a taxon-based category; any form of scientific study in which there is a focus on insect-related inquiries is, by definition, entomology. Entomology therefore overlaps with a cross-section of topics as diverse as molecular geneticsbehaviorbiomechanicsbiochemistrysystematicsphysiologydevelopmental biologyecologymorphology, and paleontology.

At some 1.3 million described species, insects account for more than two-thirds of all known organisms,[2] date back some 400 million years, and have many kinds of interactions with humans and other forms of life on earth.

This is a wonderful playlist on the matter:

What is a Platypus?

” The platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus), sometimes referred to as the duck-billed platypus, is a semiaquatic egg-laying mammal endemic to eastern Australia, including Tasmania. Together with the four species of echidna, it is one of the five extant species of monotremes, the only mammals that lay eggs instead of giving birth. The animal is the sole living representative of its family(Ornithorhynchidae) and genus (Ornithorhynchus), though a number of related species have been found in the fossil record. The first preserved platypus body was thought to have been a fake, made of several animals sewn together when it was first looked at by scientists in 1799.

The unusual appearance of this egg-laying, duck-billed, beaver-tailed, otter-footed mammal baffled European naturalists when they first encountered it, with some considering it an elaborate hoax. It is one of the few species of venomous mammals: the male platypus has a spur on the hind foot that delivers a venom capable of causing severe pain to humans. The unique features of the platypus make it an important subject in the study of evolutionary biology and a recognizable and iconic symbol of Australia; it has appeared as a mascot at national events and is featured on the reverse of its 20-cent coin. The platypus is the animal emblem of the state of New South Wales.

Until the early 20th century, it was hunted for its fur, but it is now protected throughout its range. Although captive breeding programs have had only limited success and the platypus is vulnerable to the effects of pollution, it is not under any immediate threat.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Platypus

What is a Komodo Dragon?

” The Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis), also known as the Komodo monitor, is a large species of lizard found in the Indonesian islands of Komodo, Rinca, Flores, Gili Motang, and Padar. A member of the monitor lizard family Varanidae, it is the largest living species of lizard, growing to a maximum length of 3 meters (10 ft) in rare cases and weighing up to approximately 70 kilograms (150 lb).

Their unusually large size has been attributed to island gigantism since no other carnivorous animals fill the niche on the islands where they live. However, recent research suggests the large size of Komodo dragons may be better understood as representative of a relict population of very large varanid lizards that once lived across Indonesia and Australia, most of which, along with another megafauna, died out after the Pleistocene. Fossils very similar to V. komodoensis have been found in Australia dating to greater than 3.8 million years ago, and its body size remained stable on Flores, one of the handful of Indonesian islands where it is currently found, over the last 900,000 years, “a time marked by major faunal turnovers, extinction of the island’s megafauna, and the arrival of early hominids by 880 ka [kiloannums].”

As a result of their size, these lizards dominate the ecosystems in which they live. Komodo dragons hunt and ambush prey including invertebrates, birds, and mammals. It has been claimed that they have a venomous bite; there are two glands in the lower jaw which secrete several toxic proteins. The biological significance of these proteins is disputed, but the glands have been shown to secrete an anticoagulant. Komodo dragon group behavior in hunting is exceptional in the reptile world. The diet of big Komodo dragons mainly consists of deer, though they also eat considerable amounts of carrion. Komodo dragons also occasionally attack humans.

Mating begins between May and August, and the eggs are laid in September. About 20 eggs are deposited in abandoned megapode nests or in a self-dug nesting hole. The eggs are incubated for seven to eight months, hatching in April, when insects are most plentiful. Young Komodo dragons are vulnerable and therefore dwell in trees, safe from predators and cannibalistic adults. They take 8 to 9 years to mature and are estimated to live up to 30 years.

Komodo dragons were first recorded by Western scientists in 1910. Their large size and fearsome reputation make them popular zoo exhibits. In the wild, their range has contracted due to human activities, and they are listed as vulnerable by the IUCN. They are protected under Indonesian law, and a national park, Komodo National Park, was founded to aid protection efforts.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Komodo_dragon

How Many Dog Breeds Exist?

Dogs breeds have been selected for many many years. The breeds are produced according to certain characteristics by its functional type. The number of breeds is not exactly determined because continuously new ones are created.

“Dogs have been selectively bred for thousands of years, sometimes by inbreeding dogs from the same ancestral lines, sometimes by mixing dogs from very different lines. The process continues today, resulting in a widening in appearance without speciation, “from the Chihuahua to the Great Dane.”

The following list uses a wide interpretation of “breed.” Breeds are usually categorized by the functional type from which the breed was developed. The basic types are companion dogs, guard dogs, hunting dogs, herding dogs, and working dogs, although there are many other types and subtypes. Breeds listed here may be traditional breeds with long histories as registered breeds, rare breeds with their own registries, or new breeds that may still be under development.

In some cases, a breed’s origin overlaps the boundaries of two or more countries; the dog is normally listed only in the country with which it is most commonly associated; for example, by its designated country according to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). Some dogs, such as the Löwchen, have an uncertain origin and are listed under several countries.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_dog_breeds

 

What are Endangered species?

” An endangered species is a species which has been categorized as likely to become extinct. Endangered (EN), as categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List, is the second most severe conservation status for wild populations in the IUCN’s schema after Critically Endangered (CR). In 2012, the IUCN Red List featured 3079 animal and 2655 plant species as endangered (EN) worldwide. The figures for 1998 were, respectively, 1102 and 1197.

Many nations have laws that protect conservation-reliant species: for example, forbidding hunting, restricting land development or creating preserves. Population numbers, trends and species’ conservation status can be found in the lists of organisms by population.

Though labeled a list, the IUCN Red List is a system of assessing the global conservation status of species that includes “Data Deficient” (DD) species – species for which more data and assessment is required before their status may be determined – as well species comprehensively assessed by the IUCN’s species assessment process. Those species of “Near Threatened” (NT) and “Least Concern” (LC) status have been assessed and found to have relatively robust and healthy populations, though these may be in decline. Unlike their more general use elsewhere, the List uses the terms “endangered species” and “threatened species” with particular meanings: “Endangered” (EN) species lie between “Vulnerable” (VU) and “Critically Endangered” (CR) species, while “Threatened” species are those species determined to be Vulnerable, Endangered or Critically Endangered.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endangered_species

11 Tiniest Choices for Unusual Pets

From the itty, bitty Octopus Wolfi, to the infamous pet rock, here are 11 Tiniest Choices For Unusual Pets.
Octopus Wolfi
You can just call this adorable finger pet the world’s smallest Octopus. These startling small sea creatures were discovered in the Indo-Pacific Ocean during the year 1913. These tiny aquatic creatures only grow to approximately 1.5 centimetres in total length and weigh less than a gram. These ocean miniature creatures have eight arms, three miniscule hearts pumping that blue blood of theirs, squirt ink, and have no bones. They’re considered as being very intelligent animals despite their small stature. They enjoy toys and puzzles in a spacious aquarium. Make sure to buy a tight heavy lid as they are known to be excellent escape artists. Remember, even though small, these octopuses are born hunters and must be fed live food. Take great care and please do a bit of research as octopuses are an exotic species and require lots of special attention and preemptive care.

Hedgehogs
These spiny mammals share a similar lineage to that of a shrew and have changed little over the last 15 million years. These largely nocturnal creatures are actually incredibly friendly and are known for growing extremely affectionate with their owners rather quickly. These low maintenance animals do require lots of attention, especially when they are just babies. Best to do some research as these pets are banned in several parts of the world. Hedgehogs roll into tiny balls when they feel threatened. These adorable companions have quite the appetite so make sure to give them lots of space to play as they have a tendency to become obese. You will often find these charming creatures squealing, snorting and snuffing, in super cute overtones. Temperature control is important as well as tender love and care. They have a simplistic diet of high grade prepared foods like fruits and insects and are known to not be sociable, so there should only be one pre household.

Rats
Rats are long-tailed rodents and most people think of these animals as nothing more than just mere pests but they happen to make some of the most loyal companions around and are an ideal pet. These tiny creatures are known for being highly intelligent, easy going, and lots of fun. These lovable fur balls are also said to be easy to tame and handle. They happen to be highly sociable creatures that are rather easy to train once they’ve gotten acquainted to their new owner. Like any other pet, they require an enormous amount of attention and annual visits to a vet due to their ability to get sick. Rats are loving creatures who love to run around their environment and can be taught a variety of simple tricks as well. Known for being friendly, affectionate, and curious, these scurrying little ones tend to be associated with a bad reputation but that can easily be changed when you give them opportunity to prove themselves.

Giant Madagascar Hissing Cockroaches
Here’s an odd choice of pet which is quickly gaining a heavy fanbase. These giant cockroaches are incapable of biting, scratching, or spraying. These bugs move quite slowly and are easy to catch. And being that these creatures can survive an atomic fallout, these charming critters are pretty much indestructible, which means no lengthy pet bills from veterinarians. These pet bugs don’t require a lot of food as you can go away for a whole month and these nifty roaches won’t die but will instead adjust their high powered metabolisms accordingly. These lovable cockroaches will eat anything, even their own molts. Madagascar Hissing roaches tend to live for only about 5 years and grow to length of around 3 cm. These roaches have inhabited this world in their present state for 365 million years, how mind blowing is that?

Pet Rock
By far the best low maintenance pet in the whole wide world belongs to the pet rock and as there are millions at your disposal outside of your bedroom window the size of your pet rock is up to you. Pebbles, for instance, make fantastic pet rocks and when you get bored with it you can skip it over a river or lake. You have the option of buying the collectable 1975 model brand name pet rock but any rock should do really. Add googly eyes for an additional visibility accessory. You never have to feed, water, or groom them and they will live for millions of years.

16 Coolest Creepiest Spiders

Cave Robber
Until the year 2012, no one had ever heard of or seen a cave robber spider. That is until a team of scientists discovered the bizarre tiny creatures in some old forests of Oregon and California. The scientists did a whole bunch of research and finally declared these spiders were unique and brand new. The team had unearthed an entirely new species of spider. Cave Robbers were the first new family of spiders to be added to North America since way back in 1890. These type of arachnids prefer caves and densely darkened redwood forests.

Spiny Orb Weaver
These dazzling arachnids can grow up to 30 millimetres in diameter and can be found all over the world. Their name hails from the prominent spines that can be found all over their abdomens, which are typically shaped similar to that of a crab. These brightly colored spiders have a hardened exoskeleton which comes in a variety of color patterns including white, orange, or yellow with red markings. Lucky for us, spiny orb weaver spider bites tend to be relatively harmless to humans.

Goliath Birdeater
This gigantic breed of arachnid is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the world’s biggest spider. They typically weigh around 6 ounces with leg spans of roughly 11 inches…that’s about the size of a puppy! Here’s an image of a little girl playing with what we certainly hope is a fake spider but if it’s real, the spider in question would have to be one of these disturbing Goliath Birdeaters. These giant spiders belong to the tarantula family and can be found in rainforest areas such as northern Brazil and southern Venezuela. These creepy crawlers have the ability to regenerate damaged or lost limbs, have fangs strong enough to pierce a mouse skull, and have a defense mechanism wherein they release tiny barbed hairs which are said to be extremely painful and leave the victim itching for days.

Happy Face Spider
Found in the rainforests of Hawaii, this crazy-looking spider is best identified through the strange patterns which decorate their yellow abdomens and form, you guessed it, a smiley face. However, there are a few of these incredibly bizarre-looking creatures who sport frowny faces or even ones that appear to be screaming. Sadly, this unique spider is listed on the endangered list.

Peacock Spider
This Australian species of spider is best known for their brightly colored circular flaps which appear on the abdomens of the males, which is highly reminiscent to a peacock’s colorful patterned fan used to attract mates of the other gender. These strange yet beautiful arachnids are gifted with extremely acute eyesight and when courting a female will vibrate their hind legs and abdomen to create a more dramatic and enticing effect.

Diving Bell Spider
Some call these fearsome fellas Water Spiders as they are the only completely aquatic spiders found on Earth, more specifically Europe, Asia, the United Kingdom, and Siberia. These strange arachnids survive inside ponds, slow moving streams, and shallow lakes. They have no gills to breath underwater so they build underwater retreats composed of silk filled with a giant air bubble. This pocket of air usually retains a bell-like shape with a silvery shine. Most of this peculiar spider’s time is spent inside that bell and occasionally jutting out to feed on whatever unfortunate small aquatic invertebrate happens to be swimming by.
Before we reveal number one, let us know in the comments below which one of these spiders you thought was the creepiest and don’t forget to subscribe! And now…

Black Widow
These fearsome spiders can be found worldwide. You can identify them by their all black coloring and bright red hourglass-shaped marking which lines their abdomens. Males are smaller and less venomous than their female counterparts, making their bite relatively harmless. On the other end of this spider spectrum, femme fatale black widows practice sexual cannibalism. This means a female will devour a male after mating with him. If she works up a ravenous appetite that is, hence why most male black widow spiders pick their mate based on how long ago she finished her last meal, which they can sense through chemicals in her web. These notorious spider queens have deadly fangs which contain neurotoxins. One bite from an angry female black widow could prove to be fatal to most humans, if left untreated.