What is traveler’s diarrhea?

This diarrhea is caused by a bad critter called Enterotoxigenic E. coli.

How do you acquire the bacteria?

If you drink water or food contaminated with feces from someone that had the pathogen.

Where does it attack?

It goes directly to the small intestine and will associate with the epithelial cells in which it will liberate two types of toxins to enter the cell and once inside it will make the cell expel its fluids. The symptoms start a few hours after exposure and last a few days.

Symptoms

  • Watery diarrhea
  • Dehydration
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

There are not many medicines to relief this but to drink a lot of water, since you small intestine cells are releasing them!!!

Be careful always in where the food and water you drink comes from, remember this will affect your quality time and health after all.

Traveler’s diarrhea
Synonyms Traveller’s diarrhoea, tourist diarrhea,[1]traveler’s dysentery[1]
E coli at 10000x, original.jpg
The bacteria E. coli, the most common cause of Traveler’s diarrhea
Specialty Infectious disease Edit this on Wikidata
Symptoms Unformed stool while traveling, fever, abdominal cramps[2][3]
Duration Typically < 5 days[3]
Causes Often bacterial[3]
Prevention Eating only properly prepared food, drinking bottled water, frequent hand washing[4]
Treatment Oral rehydration therapyantibioticsloperamide[3][4]
Frequency ~35% of travelers to the developing world[3]

Traveler’s diarrhea (TD) is a stomach and intestinal infection. TD is defined as the passage of unformed stool (one or more by some definitions, three or more by others) while traveling.[2][3] It may be accompanied by abdominal cramps, nausea, fever, and bloating.[3] Occasionally bloody diarrhea may occur.[5] Most travelers recover within four days with little or no treatment.[3] About 10% of people may have symptoms for a week.[3]

Bacteria are responsible for more than half of cases.[3] The bacteria enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) are typically the most common except in Southeast Asia, where Campylobacter is more prominent.[2][3]About 10% to 20% of cases are due to norovirus.[3] Protozoa such as Giardia may cause longer term disease.[3] The risk is greatest in the first two weeks of travel and among young adults.[2] People affected are more often from the developed world.[2]

What is viral gastroenteritis?

Gastroenteritis disease is characterized by the appearance of vomits, nausea, diarrhea and consequently, this will turn into dehydration. All these symptoms come from a stomach virus. Many types of virus can do this effect including actino virus, sapa virus, rota virus, Noro virus and the astro virus. All of this one are capable of causing gastroenteritis.

One important thing is to know when it is a bacterial or viral infection. The signs are if diarrhea is watery then it is virus infection but if it is bloody then it is a bacterial infection. Bacterial infections are accompanied by more fevers than viral infections but symptoms vary from person to person so we can not expect to always have bloody diarrhea in a bacterial infection.

Transmission of gastroenteritis comes either from oral or fecal transmission if someone infected goes to the bathroom and does not wash his or her hands will, of course, have some of the viri on its hands and then goes and touches food or water and you go to drink then the virus is inside your body. The bacteria or virus will go into your digestive system and……… watch the video and find more what happens with this disease.

Gastroenteritis
Synonyms Gastro, stomach bug, stomach virus, stomach flu, gastric flu, gastrointestinitis
Gastroenteritis viruses.jpg
Gastroenteritis viruses: A = rotavirus, B = adenovirus, C = norovirus and D = astrovirus. The virus particles are shown at the same magnification to allow size comparison.
Specialty Infectious disease
Symptoms Diarrheavomitingabdominal pain, fever[1][2]
Complications Dehydration[2][3]
Causes Virusesbacteriaparasitesfungus[2][4]
Diagnostic method Based on symptoms, occasionally stool culture[2]
Differential diagnosis Inflammatory bowel diseasemalabsorption syndromelactose intolerance[5]
Prevention Hand washing, drinking clean water, proper disposal of human wastebreastfeeding[2]
Treatment Oral rehydration solution (combination of water, salts, and sugar), intravenous fluids[2]
Frequency 2.4 billion (2015)[6]
Deaths 1.3 million (2015)[7]

Gastroenteritis, also known as infectious diarrhea, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract—the stomach and small intestine.[8] Symptoms may include diarrheavomiting and abdominal pain.[1] Fever, lack of energy and dehydration may also occur.[2][3] This typically lasts less than two weeks.[8] It is not related to influenza, though it has been called the “stomach flu”.[9]

Gastroenteritis is usually caused by viruses.[4] However, bacteriaparasites, and fungus can also cause gastroenteritis.[2][4] In children, rotavirus is the most common cause of severe disease.[10] In adults, norovirus and Campylobacter are common causes.[11][12] Eating improperly prepared food, drinking contaminated water or close contact with a person who is infected can spread the disease.[2] Treatment is generally the same with or without a definitive diagnosis, so testing to confirm is usually not needed.[2]

Prevention includes hand washing with soap, drinking clean water, proper disposal of human waste and breastfeeding babies instead of using formula.[2] The rotavirus vaccine is recommended as a prevention for children.[2][10] Treatment involves getting enough fluids.[2] For mild or moderate cases, this can typically be achieved by drinking oral rehydration solution (a combination of water, salts and sugar).[2] In those who are breastfed, continued breastfeeding is recommended.[2] For more severe cases, intravenous fluids may be needed.[2] Fluids may also be given by a nasogastric tube.[13] Zinc supplementation is recommended in children.[2] Antibiotics are generally not needed.[14] However, antibiotics are recommended for young children with a fever and bloody diarrhea.[1]

In 2015, there were two billion cases of gastroenteritis, resulting in 1.3 million deaths globally.[6][7] Children and those in the developing world are affected the most.[15] In 2011, there were about 1.7 billion cases, resulting in about 700,000 deaths of children under the age of five.[16] In the developing world, children less than two years of age frequently get six or more infections a year.[17] It is less common in adults, partly due to the development of immunity.[18]