Pablo Emilio Escobar was a Colombian drug and narcoterrorist. His cartel supplied the United States with 80% of the cocaine. His business returned $ 21.9 billion annually in personal income. He was considered one of the wealthiest criminal in history. He received various names some of them were Don Pablo, El Patron (The boss), El Magico (The Magician), El Zar de la Cocaína (The Tsar of cocaine) and El Señor (The Lord).
Pablo Escobar early years
He was born on December 1st of 1949 in Rionegro in the Antioquia Department in Colombia. He was the third child of 7 children between Abel de Jesús Dari Escobar, a farmer, and Hermilda Gaviria. Escobar´s criminal career is thought to have started since he was a teenager, although Sebastian Marroquin, Escobar´s son says his father’s criminal career began when he started selling faked diplomas from the Universidad Autonoma Latinoamericana de Medellin. Escobar studied in this university for a short period but left without a degree.
Escobar started getting involved in criminal activities with his companion Oscar Bennel Aguirre. They began selling fake lottery tickets, stealing cars and contraband cigarettes. He earned $ 100,000 by kidnapping a Medellin executive.
During the 1975 Escobar starting developing his cocaine operations. He smuggled routes and flew planes around Panama and Colombia. In 1976 Pablo Escobar and his crew were found with 39 pounds of white paste. The judges made a case against Pablo Escobar and after two months of legal wrangling two officers were killed and the case dropped. Roberto Escobar says in that time the drug cartels were not so famous so that turned into a challenge for Pablo who lead into it turning himself into its master.
The high demand for cocaine in the United States made Escobar and his people created new routes to smuggle it. They bought a lot of land on an island named Norman´s cay which is very close to Florida. In the island, they bought an airstrip, hotel, harbor, houses, boats and they built a refrigerator to cocaine. This island became a place a key place for the Medellin cartel.
Escobar was soon known worldwide and he began distributing cocaine to Venezuela, Dominican Republic, Mexico, United States, Spain and some say he reached Asia. On the best days of the business, the Medellin cartel earned as much as $70 million a day. They smuggled over 15 tons of cocaine per day into the United States.
Escobar also worked in his social image and was the sponsor of many football and national teams. He gave money to the poor and built fields so they could play. This made some people protect him from the police and even work as lookouts when he was around.
Pablo Escobar died on December 2, 1993, after being persecuted for 16 months. He was found in Los Olivos a middle-class barrio in Medellin, the police bloc was using a special technology to track the radio transmission from his radiotelephone. In the fire shooting Escobar and his bodyguard were killed, although who gave the final shot is uncertain.