How to grout tile?

After the tile is mounted, the next step is grouting the tiles, this is a less time-consuming and work exhaustive task than the installation, but it is actually more important for a long lasting job; it will also guarantee that the floor under the tile stays safe from moisture.
Grouting can be a rewarding task because filling those gaps will make the tiles look pretty.

What is grout
Grout is a form of concrete (fluid) that is used to fill gaps or spaces. Grout is a mixture of water, cement, and sand; although you may already find premixes in the market both in powder form (cement and sand only) or premixed fluid containers (easier but less recommended).
Tiling grout is often used to fill the spaces between tiles or mosaics, and secure tiles to its base.
What you need to know about grout
Regular grout comes in a diversity of colors, what you want to do is choose the one that matches the color of your tiles, also if you want to minimize color disparity you not only need to use as little water as possible (for powder mixes), but also mix as thoroughly as possible, it is best to mix it by hand, try to achieve a creamy peanut butter consistency.
Light grout tends to emphasize the individual tiles by blending in, or becoming invisible, while dark grout tends to emphasize patterns.
If you choose a color that matches your tiles, then you will have a continuous feeling. If you want your tiles to stand out, then choose a contrasting color for your grout. If you are grouting a high traffic area you are better off with a dark grout since light color ones tend to get dirty pretty fast, and it is difficult to clean.
There is sanded and unsanded grout. Sanded grout is stronger and more resistant, if your space between tiles is larger than 1/8 of an inch, then you should use sanded grout. Unsanded grout is recommended for soft stones tiles like polished limestone or marble.
How to apply grout
If you are re-grouting an old tiled surface, you first need to clean the area by scraping and vacuuming.
You are going to need a float to spread the grout. Smear the grout diagonally across the tile to force it deep into the joints and prevent it from being sucked back out as your float slides along. Grout walls first and floors last, that way you don´t have chances to ruin the already finished up floor. To remove the bulk grout, you need to wipe by doing a couple of “S” movements. You will also need to sponge off the surface with a damped (make sure it is not wet) sponge, this is also a diagonal movement, remember to rinse your sponge constantly. After it is completely dry (30 to 45 minutes), you will see a haze has formed, polish away this haze with a microfiber towel.
Corners do not need grouting, corners tend to crack, therefore you are best off with caulk.
A very important Tip
Re-mix the grout at least every 15 minutes, and check if it needs a little more water to keep the ideal consistency.

Strange Solutions That Worked.

 

Weird Hiccup Cure – Hiccups are annoying; they go away as sudden as they come. However, there is a simple solution to this problem, albeit a little bit gross.

Condor Cluster – Giving the Air Force Research Laboratory a low budget did not stop them from building their own supercomputer. Having not enough money to buy a supercomputer, they decided to buy 1760 Playstation 3 units.

Colours to influence behaviours – According to scientific research, some colours are effective in reducing one’s negative thoughts, be it suicidal tendencies or aggressiveness.

Plastic Wishbones – Its Traditional for two people to break apart a birds wishbone after extracting it from a cooked dinner.

Bottled Air & Bags of Dirt – When travelling overseas, it is always a good idea to bring something that reminds you of your home.

Shooter Stopped with a Hug – If you ever encounter a man with a gun, your natural instinct would be to hide or run away as fast as you can.

Black Dyed Water – It is said that the more you prohibit people, the more they are inclined to do it.

Face Masks Fooling Bengal Tigers – Bengal tigers are considered one of the most dangerous predators in India.

Ants for Stitches – Sutures weren’t a thing back as early as 1000BC, so our ancestors had to make do with what they had on their hands. Plant fibres, animal hair, ants…

“Instant” Baggage Claims – Having to wait to claim your baggage is extremely infuriating, especially if you just had a long flight. Using Typewriters Against

Spies – Within days of Edward Snowden’s revelations, Kremlin agents were quick to replace all their high-end computers with something more traditional – typewriters.

Fish Eating Dead Skin – Turkish people came up with a weird solution to treat psoriasis – fish.

Piano Stairs – Ever wish you can have fun while using the stairs? Then piano stairs can do the trick.

Balls to Reduce Evaporation – California often experiences drought spells, so to prevent the Ivanhoe reservoir from getting dried up, they filled it balls – lots of it.

Flame Weeding – Tired of plucking weeds all day? Worried about contaminating the land with pesticides? Well, How about just flame-thrower-ing the ground? Sounds crazy but this solution, called ‘Flame weeding’ is an organic alternative, used by a number of conscious gardeners and agriculturalists around the world.

Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Gt_-yO72LI

Is Glass a Liquid?

The glass is a very common material in our homes. Little know the origin of this transparent and fragile material. Glass comes from melted sand that is shaped into the diverse ways we see it. Glass is found in construction materials to eating implements.

“Glass is a non-crystalline amorphous solid that is often transparent and has widespread practical, technological, and decorative usage in, for example, window panes, tableware, and optoelectronics. The most familiar, and historically the oldest, types of glass are “silicate glasses” based on the chemical compound silica (silicon dioxide, or quartz), the primary constituent of sand. The term glass, in popular usage, is often used to refer only to this type of material, which is familiar from use as window glass and in glass bottles. Of the many silica-based glasses that exist, ordinary glazing and container glass is formed from a specific type called soda-lime glass, composed of approximately 75% silicon dioxide(SiO2), sodium oxide (Na2O) from sodium carbonate (Na2CO3), calcium oxide, also called lime (CaO), and several minor additives.

Many applications of silicate glasses derive from their optical transparency, giving rise to their primary use as window panes. Glass will transmit, reflect and refract light; these qualities can be enhanced by cutting and polishing to make optical lenses, prisms, fine glassware, and optical fibers for high-speed data transmission by light. Glass can be coloured by adding metallic salts, and can also be painted and printed with vitreous enamels. These qualities have led to the extensive use of glass in the manufacture of art objects and in particular, stained glass windows. Although brittle, silicate glass is extremely durable, and many examples of glass fragments exist from early glass-making cultures. Because glass can be formed or molded into any shape, it has been traditionally used for vessels: bowls, vases, bottles, jars and drinking glasses. In its most solid forms, it has also been used for paperweights, marbles, and beads. When extruded as glass fiber and matted as glass wool in a way to trap air, it becomes a thermally insulating material, and when these glass fibers are embedded into an organic polymer plastic, they are a key structural reinforcement part of the composite material fiberglass. Some objects historically were so commonly made of silicate glass that they are simply called by the name of the material, such as drinking glasses and reading glasses.”

How Does Power Get to Your House?

We are so used to just pressing the switch to “on” and getting the light to fill our room that we take it for granted, but, have you ever asked yourself how does electricity travel? How do billions of charged particles move charges from where ever it is that they are generated and travel all these long distances all the way down to your particular light switch? There is a lot more to know about how electricity is made (thermal, Aeolic, water, photons, chemical reactions, etc). Electricity travels long distances through optimal electric conductors ( like copper cables) until they get to their destiny. This often involves a complex series of cables and powerhouses called “The Electric Grid”.

“Electricity for powering our homes is made in power stations. A power station contains large machines called turbines, which are turned very quickly. Power stations need large amounts of energy to turn the turbines. Most use heat energy produced from burning coal”.

“In electricity generation, a generator is a device that converts motive power into electrical power for use in an external circuit. Sources of mechanical energy include steam turbines, gas turbines, water turbines, internal combustion engines and even hand cranks. The first electromagnetic generator, the Faraday disk, was built in 1831 by British scientist Michael Faraday. Generators provide nearly all of the power for electric power grids.

The reverse conversion of electrical energy into mechanical energy is done by an electric motor, and motors and generators have many similarities. Many motors can be mechanically driven to generate electricity and frequently make acceptable manual generators.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_generator

House wiring

“Power points (receptacles, plugs, wall sockets) need to be installed throughout the house in locations where power will be required. In many areas, the installation must be done in compliance with standards and by a licensed or qualified electrician. Power points are typically located where there will be an appliance installed such as telephone, computers, television, home theater, security system, CCTV system.

The number of light. fitting does depend on the type of light fitting and the lighting requirements in each room. The incandescent bulb made household lighting practical, but modern homes use a wide variety of light sources to provide desired light levels with higher energy efficiency than incandescent lamps. A lighting designer can provide specific recommendations for lighting in a home. A layout of lighting in the home must consider control of lighting since this affects the wiring. For example, multiway switching is useful for corridors and stairwells so that a light can be turned on and off from two locations. Outdoor yard lighting and lighting for outbuildings such as garages may use switches inside the home.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Home_wiring

What is AC Circuits or Alternating current?

AC Circuits (or Alternating Currents) they change the voltage, which helps transmit electricity over long distances, but there’s so much more to the physics of AC circuitry.

“Alternating current (AC) is an electric current which periodically reverses direction, in contrast to direct current (DC) which flows only in one direction. Alternating current is the form in which electric power is delivered to businesses and residences, and it is the form of electrical energy that consumers typically use when they plug kitchen appliances, televisions and electric lamps into a wall socket. A common source of DC power is a battery cell in a flashlight. The abbreviations AC and DC are often used to mean simply alternating and direct, as when they modify current or voltage.

The usual waveform of alternating current in most electric power circuits is a sine wave. In certain applications, different waveforms are used, such as triangular or square waves. Audio and radio signals carried on electrical wires are also examples of alternating current. These types of alternating current carry information encoded (or modulated) onto the AC signal, such as sound (audio) or images (video). These currents typically alternate at higher frequencies than those used in power transmission.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alternating_current

 

Trends modern urban design: Peter Calthorpe

1 of every 2 humans live in cities and this will soon be 2 of every 3. The city defines the quality of life of its inhabitants more than any other factor at a mass scale, and on the individual. The impact of a city is huge. From climate change to economic vitality to our very well-being and sense of connectedness. How a city is designed matters. Peter Calthorpe is already at work planning the cities of the future and advocating for community design that’s focused on human interaction. He shares seven universal principles for solving sprawl and building smarter, more sustainable cities.

16 Examples of Good and Bad Industrial Design

The beach carries all the trash to the shore, but not all the things it carries are useless some of it are quite interesting or useful. The most strange things found on the beach! From weird unknown creatures to mysterious underwater findings, you won’t believe this top list of bizarre and odd discoveries.

San Francisco Tombstones
It’s not unusual to find objects that have washed up on beaches, but residents of San Francisco were in for a surprise in 2012 when some particularly somber items started appearing.
Local residents started finding tombstones in the sand of people that had died in the 1800’s. First,there was one from 1876, then one from 1890, and they kept on showing up. While this may seem like a dark secret coming to light, the explanation for all of this was far more simple.
The reason it had been happening was to do with construction works that had been done to help protect the beaches. The area had formerly been used as a graveyard, but the bodies had long been moved inland. The stones, on the other hand, proved too costly to be moved and were, instead, re-purposed. They were used as breakwaters, gutter liners and to construct a seawall, and it appears as if it is some of these had broken loose and washed up on the beach.


 Severed Feet
Since 2007 beaches and islands on the coast of British Columbia in Canada and Washington state in America have seen a particularly gruesome series of objects washing up on them- human feet that, in most cases, are still in their shoes. In total, 16 feet have been found. Disturbingly only two of these were left feet, which were matched with right feet that also washed up, meaning that the rest must have come from at least 14 different people.

It’s completely unknown how these feet arrived on these beaches. Only four people have been identified as their owners, but there are plenty of suggestions of how such a thing might happen.
The strange thing here is that only feet have been found, and no bodies. Some people suspect foul play by gangsters, others think they have come from the victims of a plane crash near the area in 2005, and some have suggested they may actually have come from victims of the Asian tsunami in 2004. All of them have been found within shoes that would provide enough buoyancy for them to be carried by currents across the ocean, so it is completely feasible.
The true origin of the feet might be a bit closer to home, though. One of those that were found have been linked to a man, and two of the feet have been identified as being from a woman who jumped from the Pattullo Bridge in 2004. It’s quite possible, therefore, that these feet have all come from people who suffered similar fates in the surrounding area.

 Ambergris
As one of the grossest objects you could ever find on the beach, Ambergris is probably the one from this list that you’d most hope to find, because it turns out that this stuff is incredibly valuable. This substance is made when sperm whales eject an intestinal slurry into the ocean. From here it floats and bobs in the waves and, years later, washes up. You’d be forgiven for thinking this was an uninteresting object amongst the rocks, sand, and shells that you normally find. It can be found in many forms such as large blocks, balls, egg shapes, jagged pieces or hard rolls, and has a unique smell that purportedly has notes of seaweed, farm animals and maybe a fecal note. Lumps that have been in the ocean for a long time, though, will have a sweeter, earthy scent to them.

This smelly rarity, and the unique chemical properties that Ambergris has is the reason behind its high value. It was, for a long time, a key ingredient for high-end perfume makers like Chanel and Lanvin because of its ability to fix the scent to human skin. While alternatives have been found in recent times, it is still a highly sought after substance— a 1.1 Kilogram lump that was found in Wales in 2015. Sold for £11,000 (around $13,400) at auction later that year.

Where are The Most Fascinating Old ABANDONED Mansions?

Old abandoned mansions around the world! Once thriving castles, these old places are now abandoned! Located in Ukraine, Russia, Belgium and New York in case you are interested to visit them.

Muromtzevo Castle, Russia

The legend of this castle begins in the 1800s when a French and a Russian nobleman started arguing over whose country had the best architecture. After hearing the French nobleman go on and on, the Russian declared that he could easily Build a castle as magnificent as the ones in France. The French man said that if he built this castle he would go to Russia himself to see it and the bet was on. Colonel Vladimir Khrapovitsky went home and built Muromtzevo Castle.
5 years later he invited his French noble friends to his estate to visit his gothic castle. When they arrived they began complimenting him on his new home. “Oh no”, he said. “This is just the stable! The castle is a bit further!” The guests were amazed at the French style chateau complete with gardens and cascades. Khrapovitsky also built two schools and a church for the villagers.
When the Russian Revolution started, Khrapovitsky was forced to flee his castle and is said to have deceased in poverty. His beautiful creation was plundered and rebuilt in a way the owners would have hardly recognized. It was used as a college, and then a hospital, and then forgotten.

Pidhirtsi Castle, Ukraine
Built between 1635 and 1640, Pidhirtsi Castle has survived the trials of war and occupation. Part castle, part fortress, this castle has the reputation for being haunted. In the 18th century, one of the owners was said to have ambushed his wife because of his insane jealousy and had her body walled up in the basement. Known as the “Woman in White” she is said to wander the castle. A group of 20 Ukrainian psychics recently agreed that the place was filled with ghosts. Measurements of the electromagnetic field of the castle were off the charts, a pseudo-scientific sign for many that Pidhirtsi is most certainly haunted.
During WWII the castle was taken over and plundered by the Soviets until it was converted into a hospital for people suffering from sickness. A lightning bolt struck the building in 1956, Setting it on fire for three weeks straight, destroying everything left inside. It has now been converted into a museum, telling the story of the struggles of a region.

Miranda Castle, Belgium
Also called Chateau de Noisy, this castle in Belgium was Built for French aristocrats fleeing the French Revolution. In 1866, Count Liedekerke-De Beaufort commissioned English architect Edward Milner to design and build them a new home. Even though Milner passed away,
the castle was Completed in 1907 once the clock tower was erected. The Liedekerke-Beaufort family lived in the castle until World War II, when it was occupied by the Germans after the Battle of the Bulge which took place on part of the property.
In 1950, the National Railway Company of Belgium took over the castle and turned it into an orphanage and camp for sick children. This is when it was renamed Chateau de Noisy. It was too expensive to maintain and in 1991, the castle was abandoned. Parts of the structure were heavily damaged in a fire and most of the ceilings have collapsed.
In 2014, the family applied for and was granted permission to demolish Miranda Castle. In 2015, A group of investors intervened to stop the demolition and petitioned to have it included on the Walloon Heritage Conservation List. As of June 2016, the castle is in private hands and is listed as private property. Rumor has it that the family finally agreed to sell, but no one knows who has bought it.
Miranda Castle was used as a filming location for the American series Hannibal. In the show, this Belgian castle is portrayed as Castle Lecter in Lithuania as the ancestral home of everyone’s favorite cannibal.

Halcyon Hall, New York
The image of Halcyon Hall is Used by many paranormal investigators to represent haunted places but most people don’t know what or where it is. This rotting relic in Millbrook, New York was originally built as a luxury hotel in 1890 when summer colonies like Newport were popular. H. J. Davison Jr. spent a fortune on the Victorian Queen Anne style building with 5 stories and 200 rooms.
Unfortunately, the resort failed and Davison was forced to sell. It was then purchased in 1907 by May Bennett for her Bennett School for Girls which later became Bennett College. The school had been founded in 1890 in Irvington, NY but needed a larger home.
The Bennett School offered 6 years of education to girls from prominent families in NY.

What are the 10 Most Dangerous Bridges in the World?

Dangerous bridges you should never cross! You must definitely know where these edifications are.

Check out this places!

Titlis Cliff Walk
The Titlis Cliff Walk holds the record for being the highest suspension bridge in Europe. Located in the Swiss Alps it hangs at 10,000 feet (3, 041m) above sea level. The route takes you along a snowy section of Mount Titlis to an underground tunnel and onto the viewing platform where you have spectacular views 1,500 feet down into the glacier abyss. Their website says only those with “nerves as strong as the steel cables from which it hangs” should cross the bridge, but representatives say it’s “100% safe and impossible to fall from the bridge.” It’s kind of a mixed message but even from just the pictures, it looks totally worth it! As long as I had someone to hold my hand I think I’d be fine.

Langkawi Sky Bridge
The Langkawi Sky Bridge isn’t old or falling apart, but what makes it special, and kind of scary, is its architecture. The bridge is located in Malaysia at the peak of Gunung Mat Cinchang, a five hundred million year old mountain in Malaysia. It is a suspended bridge that curves out over the trees, giving a breathtaking 360 degree view of the Langkawi islands and Andaman Sea. It holds onto the mountain by a single 82m pylon, and includes glass sections so you can look down onto the tops of the trees located far below. Hanging 700 meters above sea level, the suspended pathway is only accessible by cable car. Which is another engineering feat altogether! The entire bridge was actually built on the ground and then had to be hoisted up by helicopter and then put together in its final position.

Hussaini Hanging Bridge
Located in Northern Pakistan, Borit Lake is home to THE most dangerous bridge in the world. Built on a budget with just wood and rope, the bridge that crosses over the upper Hunza River has some wooden planks that are few and far between. Strong winds shake the bridge and swing it from side to side making you grab on for dear life. The structure, or ghost of one, was actually submerged by floodwaters in 2010, and badly damaged by a monsoon in 2011, but that hasn’t kept tourists from looking for a thrill. There is actually a “new” second bridge hanging next to the old one, which is just as rickety and dangerous. If you dare to brave this bridge, hang on for dear life!

Monkey Bridges
Vietnam’s monkey bridges were chosen by Travel & Leisure magazine among the world’s scariest bridges. These are perhaps the most primitive bridges you will ever see, located in the Mekong Delta in the southern tip of Vietnam. You could probably just make it yourself. They are built with just a single bamboo pole, or two if you’re lucky. One to walk on and a second one to use as a handrail. Their nickname comes from the stooped, monkey-like posture you must assume to maintain your balance. If you ever get a chance to try one be sure to bring a towel, just in case you fall into the river!

Carrick-a-Rede Rope Bridge
Compared to some of the other bridges on this list it doesn’t sound as impressive, spanning just 66 feet from point A to B. But the Carrick-a-Rede Rope Bridge in Northern Ireland is 98 feet above jagged rocks between the safe mainland and the island that gives the bridge it’s name. Originally used by fishermen to catch salmon with their nets, the first bridge was quite primitive and consisted of only one handrail. The rope and wood structure started to gain a name for itself and more and more people came to trit trot over the bridge. Sometimes the walk back over the bridge scares visitors so much they take a small boat back. If you are brave enough to cross at least once you’re in for a reward: the island offers breathtaking views of Rathlin Island in Scotland and the Irish Sea.

U Bein Bridge
The U Bein Bridge in Burma is the oldest and longest teak footbridge in the world. Built 200 years ago to span shore to shore across the lake in Amarapura, it is actually made of the remains of the former royal palace. The mayor, U Bein, salvaged wood from the pieces of a dismantled teak palace at Amarapura when the capital was moved to Mandalay in 1857. It is held together by 1,086 wooden and bamboo pillars, each one five feet apart, supporting you on your 1.2 km walk, 15 feet in the air. The bridge is most popular at sunset, but if you want to avoid the tourists try going just after sunrise. Then you’ll be accompanied by hundreds of villagers and monks who still use it regularly by foot. Just be extra careful, it’s rickety and there are no handrails whatsoever.

The Most Valuable Military Machines Of All Times!

Learn about the most expensive military machines ever made! From air force vehicles to top secret army machines, this top 10 list of expensive military vehicles are amazing!

“Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected Vehicles
Also known as MRAPs for short, these all-terrain vehicles were designed with one thing in mind: protecting the soldiers inside. As the name would suggest, these vehicles are meant to withstand the dangerous IEDs or improvised devices often found out in combat.
They were built with a specialized V-shaped hull underneath designed to deflect blasts and shrapnel away from the vehicle, thus protecting the passengers. All major operating components such as the radiator, engine, transmission, and fuel tank have added ballistic protection as well.
There are currently numerous different models of MRAPs each with their own specialties including a smaller, lighter model and a bulkier model designed for clearing mine paths for convoys. Most models are powered by a Caterpillar C7 diesel engine and feature a roof-mounted for added offensive capabilities.
In 2004, it was reported that of the 300 IED attacks on MRAP vehicles, not a single troop had passed. In the years following, the United States Marine Corps would order tens of thousands more MRAP vehicles in order to replace the Humvees previously used.
The MRAP itself costs over $500,000 depending on the model. It’s estimated that the MRAP program cost the US roughly $48 billion dollars in total.

 

Trident II
As is the case with many types of military equipment it is for single-use only.
Despite the name “Trident II” this is actually part of the fifth generation of strategic system ballistic. It was first deployed in 1990 and was originally expected to have a 25-year service life. However, after proving to be highly accurate and reliable, their life was extended to match the service life of the U.S. Ohio-class and British Vanguard-class submarines they are used and carried on.
The maximum number of Trident that can be carried by submarine now is 20 onboard an Ohio-class vessel. This is in part because of their massive size. A single Trident II is 44 feet in length and 83 inches in diameter! Weighing in at 130,000 pounds, these are absolutely daunting.
Because of the innovative design of their 3-stage, solid fuel system, the Trident has an effective range of 4,000 nautical miles even when carrying a full payload. Speaking of which, each missile is armed with as many as 14 independently targetable.
Currently, it has the greatest range, payload, and accuracy of any generation of its kind. The total cost of the development program for the Trident II is estimated to be near $40 billion, with a single item costing $30 million to produce. It is truly powerful, but an expensive investment.

V-22 Osprey
It’s not quite a helicopter and it’s not quite an airplane.
With its tilt-rotor mechanism, the V-22 Osprey possesses the versatility to serve a variety of roles in military use. The two rotors are each powered by a Rolls Royce-Allison turboshaft engine allowing it hover, land and take off vertically.
Meanwhile, the rotors can also tilt to provide the forward thrust needed for much faster, long-range travel; like an airplane. The Osprey has a top speed of 277 mph and can carry up to 24 troops, 20,000 pounds of internal cargo, or 15,000 pounds of external cargo. It can even travel as far as 1,100 miles on a single tank of fuel!
However, that’s not all it’s capable of. It is also equipped with an M2 .50 Cal. and some models were also retrofitted for a remotely operated Gatling turret on the bottom with 360 degree turning capabilities.
These kinds of features and upgrades don’t come cheap, though. A single V-22 Osprey costs close to $70 million dollars to produce, not to mention the $55 billion dollars spent on the program and for research and development.

F-35 Lightning II
This multi-purpose fighter jet was designed by Lockheed Martin to replace a series of different outdated fighter and strike aircraft. There are currently 3 primary variants of the F-35 for conventional takeoff and landing, short takeoff and vertical landing, and a carrier ship variant.
As a supersonic fighter jet, the F-35 was also designed with impeccable stealth in mind. Its design allows it to be nearly undetectable by radar and other advanced sensors, making it sneakier than any previous aircraft of its kind. Furthermore, it was equipped to locate and track enemies while also jamming and disrupting them while simultaneously sharing its collected info with allies on the ground, air, or sea.”