Like most “things” today, the “ansestors” of Hockey are games that survive by their own virtue, Hockey is a fun game that happened in many eras, and people enjoyed them very much. As globalization happened, games from obscure traditions where documented, practiced and collaborated on, later academia helped land them on starndard forms of organization and finally commerce turned it into an industry.
The word “Hockie” is Irish!
Hockey-like games exist since 4,000 years ago, by cultures like the Romans, Greeks and by the Aztec Indians of South America several centuries before Columbus landed in the New World. But the name “hockie” is probably from Ireland, from 1527 in referrence (probably) to the world “hoquet” meaning “shepherds crook”. The roots of modern Hockey specifically start in Great Britain and France, where field hockey was always a popular summer sport.”
Hockey´s path through history:
“Hockey in England in the 17th and 18th century consisted of whole villages playing the game with the objective of hitting the ball into the opposing villages’ common ground. Teams often consisted of 60 to 100 players and games occasionally lasted several days or so with injuries such as broken arms and legs not uncommon. Umpires could only arbitrate a decision if called upon to do so by a player from one of the teams. (a situation that sounds familiar even in these days and in 1527 hockey had been forbidden because of the violence among the players!)“. When ponds and lakes froze in winter, it was not unusual for the athletes to play a version of it on ice. An ice game known as kolven was popular in Holland in the 17th century and later on the game really took hold in England…” Source.
- In 1852 a Sports master of Harrow Public School defined that no more than thirty players per team were allowed on the field at any one.
- Modern Hockey starts at Eton College in England in the 1860s when the first rules were written down.
- In 1875 the first Hockey Association was formed.
- London’s Wimbledon Hockey Club (organized 1883) standardized the game after the many centuries of informal play in England and it thereafter spread to other countries, particularly in Europe and the British empire.
- In 1886 the Teddington Cricket Club helped coordinate and form the British Hockey Association.
- In 1890 the English, Irish and Welsh hockey associations formed the International Rules Board.
- In 1930s The men of the United States also started playing field hockey in 1890, with the Field Hockey Association of America, which regulates men’sj play.
The Rise of Professional Hockey:
- 1904 International Pro Hockey Association emerges.
- 1907 The National Hockey Association is born.
- 1908 First Olympic Hockey Competition happens in London.
- 1909 the Hockey Association in England and the Belgium Hockey Association agreed to mutually recognise each other to regulate international hockey relations.
- 1914 The prior two organizationgs establish a joint tournament… “The Stanley Cup”. ( But was not concluded because of WWI)
- 1924 International Hockey Federation, the world governing body for the sport, was founded in Paris
- 1927 The International Federation of Women’s Hockey Associations (IFWHA) was formed.
- 1964, 50 countries have joined the FIH, as well as three continental associations — Africa, Pan America and Asia —
- 1974 FIH had grown to 71 members.
- 1980 Women´s Hockey competition was inclueded in the Olympics.
- 1982 The FIH And the IFWHA came together in 1982 to form the FIH.
- 1998 Played at the Common Wealth Games.
- 1999 – 2020 (View last video).
Most evidence of hockey-like games during the Middle Ages is found in legislation concerning sports and games. The Galway Statute enacted in Ireland in 1527 banned certain types of ball games, including games using “hooked” (written “hockie”, similar to “hooky”) sticks.
…at no tyme to use ne occupye the horlinge of the litill balle with hockie stickes or staves, nor use no hande ball to play withoute walles, but only greate foote balle
By the 19th century, the various forms and divisions of historic games began to differentiate and coalesce into the individual sports defined today. Organizations dedicated to the codification of rules and regulations began to form, and national and international bodies sprang up to manage domestic and international competition. – Wikipedia.