Tony DiTerlizzi interview – The Adventures of Luke Skywalker, Jedi Knight

Author and illustrator Tony DiTerlizzi talks about The Adventures of Luke Skywalker, Jedi Knight, his picture book adaptation of the original Star Wars trilogy. He also briefly mentions his upcoming book, The Story of Diva and Flea.

This interview was recorded on 12/07/2015, at the Library of Congress. It was recorded in connection with the Star Wars Readers’ Theater event.

Charles E. Gannon interview – Raising Caine

Dr. Charles E. Gannon talks about the third book, Raising Caine, in his Caine Riordan series. He discusses the evolution of his characters as they try to survive in a complex political landscape. He also describes how he devises some of his alien races.

This interview was originally shown as part of episode #282 of Fast Forward: Contemporary Science fiction. The interview was recorded on December 16, 2015.

Aliette de Bodard interview – Science Fiction in Translation

In this mini-interview author Aliette de Bodard briefly describes the setting for her new novel, The House of Shattered Wings. She also discusses the differences between how the American and European markets approach the task of translating science fiction works.

This interview was recorded on August 20, 2015, at Sasquan, the 73rd World Science Fiction Convention.

David G. Hartwell at Anticipation

The Fast Forward production team is saddened by the recent unexpected passing of editor and publisher David G. Hartwell. This is a tremendous loss to the science fiction community. We went looking through the Fast Forward archives and found this short, lighthearted interview with Mr. Hartwell from Anticipation, the 2009 World Science Fiction Convention, where he was the editor guest of honor.

Bill Lawhorn interview – an introduction to science fiction related conventions

Longtime fan and convention runner Bill Lawhorn talks about the many different kinds of science fiction related conventions you can attend, and what to expect when you get there.

This interview was recorded on March 13, 2016. It was originally included as part of episode #283 of Fast Forward: Contemporary Science Fiction, first shown in March, 2016.

Gregory Manchess interview – It’s all art – from “Above the Timberline” to online

Artist Greg Manchess talks about his book project based on his acclaimed painting, “Above the Timberline.” He also discusses his artwork for the ongoing Michael Swanwick “Mongolian Wizard” series at Tor.com.
This short interview was recorded on August 20, 2015, at Sasquan, the 2015 World Science Fiction Convention. It was included as part of Episode #283 of Fast Forward: Contemporary Science Fiction, first released in March, 2016.

Stefan Rudnicki interview – Lightspeed magazine wins a Hugo award

Producer, director and actor Stefan Rudnicki talks about his work with Lightspeed magazine. He describes what winning a Hugo award means to him.
This short interview was recorded on August 23 2015, at Sasquan, the 73rd World Science Fiction Convention. It was included as part of epsiode #283 of Fast Forward: Contemporary Science Fiction, which was first shown in March of 2016.

Bill Campbell interview – Rosarium’s anthologies & comics

Author, editor and publisher Bill Campbell returns to the Fast Forward studio to give an update on what’s going on at Rosarium Publishing. In this interview, Mr. Campbell talks about several recent Rosarium anthology projects as well as a number of Rosarium comic books.

This interview was recorded on April 13, 2016, and was included as part of Fast Forward: Contemporary Science Fiction episode #284, released in May 2016.

Charles Stross interview – Laundry Files & Merchant Princes

This interview with award winning author Charles Stross was conducted on location during Balticon 50, in Baltimore, MD. Mr. Stross talks about his Laundry Files book series, as well as a new trilogy of books set in his Merchant Princes universe.
This interview was originally shown as part of Episode #285 of Fast Forward: Contemporary Science Fiction in July of 2016. The interview was conducted on May 27, 2016.

Ada Palmer interview – using history to create future worlds

This interview with author, historian and composer Ada Palmer was conducted on location during Balticon 50, in Baltimore, MD. Ms. Palmer talks about her 2016 novel, Too Like the Lightning, She discusses how she uses her expertise in history to help her in her world building of a future society. She also talks about her involvement with the a cappella musical group Sassafrass, and her Norse-mythology-themed song cycle, Sundown: Whispers of Ragnarok.
This interview was originally shown as part of Episode #286 of Fast Forward: Contemporary Science Fiction in August of 2016. The interview was conducted on May 28, 2016.

Connie Willis interview – Crosstalk, romantic comedy & the Hubble telescope

Author Connie Willis returns to Fast Forward to talk about her latest novel, Crosstalk. The book is a romantic comedy that uses the trope of telepathy to examine relationships in our fast-paced, technology-obsessed society.
Mrs. Willis also talks about her recent visit, with several other SF professionals, to the Space Telescope Science Institute, where the data from the Hubble Space Telescope is processed.
In addition, she describes a few of the projects she is working on at the moment.

This interview was recorded on 5/28/2016, during the Balticon 50 science fiction convention. It was originally shown as part of episode #287 of Fast Forward: Contemporary Science Fiction, released in October of 2016.

Maria V. Snyder interview – creating a “Valek study” with the Soulfinder series

Author Maria V. Snyder discusses her latest trilogy of novels in the Poison Study universe – the Soulfinder series. She talks about the work of creating interesting new stories about Valek and her other characters – without disrupting the timeline and stories already in place.
Ms. Snyder also talks about her recent trip to an Australian convention, the release of her Poison Study books in Japan, her short fiction projects based in the Poison Study universe (released primarily as e-books) and her writing advice articles.

This interview was recorded on May 28, 2016, in Baltimore, Md, in connection with the Balticon 50 science fiction convention. It was first shown as part of episode #288 of Fast Forward:Contemporary Science Fiction, in November, 2016.

Kim Stanley Robinson interview – how do we move beyond Earth?

Author Kim Stanley Robinson discusses themes from his novels 2312 and Aurora. He talks about his views on the possibility of human expansion across the solar system and beyond, and looks at some of the problems that deep space travelers will face.
Mr. Robinson also talks about his recent Robert A. Heinlein Award, and mentions his next book, New York 2140, to be released in early 2017.
This interview was recorded at Balticon 50, on May 28, 2016. It was first shown as part of episode 289 of Fast Forward: Contemporary Science Fiction in February, 2017.

Author Jo Walton talks about the Thessaly trilogy

Jo Walton talks about the “Thessaly” series of novels, a version of “Plato’s Republic” created by her. She uses classical gods as characters while proposing moral questions about slavery and sentient robots. She is fun to watch too!

Jo Walton (born December 1, 1964) is a Welsh-Canadian fantasy and science fiction writer and poet. She won the John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer in 2002 and the World Fantasy award for her novel Tooth and Claw in 2004. Her novel Ha’penny was a co-winner of the 2008 Prometheus Award. Her novel Lifelode won the 2010 Mythopoeic Award. Her novel Among Others won the 2011 Nebula Award for Best Novel,[2] and the 2012 Hugo Award for Best Novel,[3] and is one of only seven novels to have been nominated for the Hugo AwardNebula Award, and World Fantasy Award.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jo_Walton

Joe Haldeman interview – on writing and teaching

SFWA Grand Master author Joe Haldeman talks about his illustrious career as a science fiction writer and writing teacher!

This is the compete interview recorded on May 28, 2016, at the Balticon 50 science fiction convention. An edited version (shortened to fit in the episode) of this interview was included in Fast Forward episode #291, which was first shown in July of 2017.

Alan Smale interview – finishing the Clash of Eagles trilogy

Author Alan Smale talks about his novel Eagle and Empire, the last volume in his Clash of Eagles trilogy. He discusses his approach to updating the society of the Roman legion, while staying true to its basic premise. He also talks about the challenges of handling multiple different military cultures, creating realistic battle scenes, and the potential for future stories within this world.

This interview was recorded on June 9, 2017, and included as part of episode #292 of Fast Forward: Contemporary Science Fiction in September, 2017.

Terry Pratchett interview – Monstrous Regiment

A Fast Forward: Contemporary Science Fiction interview with author Terry Pratchett. Mr. Pratchett discusses his 31st Discworld novel, Monstrous Regiment. He also gives a quick overview of the Discworld universe and talks about its enduring popularity.

This interview was conducted on September 30, 2003. It was included in episode #159 of Fast Forward: Contemporary Science Fiction, first shown in October of 2003.

Terry Pratchett interview – Thud! & Where’s My Cow?

This Fast Forward: Contemporary Science Fiction interview is from episode #183, and was recorded in September of 2005. In the interview, Terry talks about his novel Thud!, and how its setting mirrored the “real world” of the time. He also discusses the “partner” picture book Where’s My Cow? (illustrated by Melvyn Grant) and the phenomenon of Discworld postage stamps.
Episode #183 of Fast Forward was first shown in October of 2005.

Sarah Beth Durst interview – an introduction to Renthia

Author Sarah Beth Durst talks about The Queen of Blood, her first novel in the Queens of Renthia series. While Ms. Durst is known for her many young adult books, this series is aimed for adult readers.
She discusses the genesis of the world of Renthia, and the dangers of a world full of malevolent nature spirits.

This is the complete version of the interview, which was recorded in front of a live audience at the Capclave science fiction convention in October of 2016. A slightly shorter version (edited for time) was included as part of episode #293 of Fast Forward: Contemporary Science Fiction in January of 2018.

New to Lackland Air Force Base? Read This.

Lackland Air Force Base is located in Bexar County, Texas. It is the only entering processing station for Air Force for basic military training and thus its called the “Gateway to the Airforce”. Lackland Air Force Base is part of Joint Base San Antonio which is a union between the United States Army Fort Sam Houston and the United States Air Force Randolph Air Force Base and Lackland Air Force Base, which were merged on 1 October 2010.

Featured Image Credit: United States Airforce

What’s it like during BMT for the AF on Weeks 0-3?

What’s it like during BMT for the AF on Weeks 4-6?

 

Sources:

  •  https;//www.lackland-afb-graduation.com/
  • https;//afwm.org/

 

 

 

Lackland AFB BMT Graduation Day – Overview

The Lackland Graduation is a 4-day event starting on Thursday and ending on a Sunday. Get day a day ahead, as things start very early on Thursday morning. Learn about lodging and booking early here.

Advise No. 1: Always let your airman know you are coming. Parents have missed their Airman due to lack of communication. Before we even start, have a look at this awesome video on nature and what to expect on graduation day. Trust me, it will be a great use of your next 7 minutes:

This is a great way to plan ahead with a fantastic advice from “Our Gray House” including specific dates:

GRADUATION SCHEDULE

Thursday: Airman’s Run, Orientation Briefings, Retreat, Honor Graduate Ceremony, and Base Liberty.

  • Orientation Briefings (7:00am, 9:00am): Anyone can attend either of the briefings at 7:00am or 9:00am at the Reception Center. Do NOT skip the briefing because you will miss out on other important info, including which Heritage flight your Airman will be in for the ceremonies, who made honor grad, what the special events are for that weekend and the map of where the Flights stand for the ceremonies. Also note that the briefings will not interfere with any ceremonies, as they are over in about 20 minutes. You’ll have plenty of time to find a spot for the next event! You only have to go to one of the briefings.
  • Airman’s Run (8:00 am): Cheer the Airmen as they run by singing ‘jodies’ in flight formation.
  • Spouse Briefing (9:45 am): The spouse briefing is held in the Chiefs Room inside of the Reception Center (front desk can direct you to this room). This is a great opportunity for spouses to receive specific information about the Air Force life from a spouse’s perspective. After the briefing concludes, spouses can opt to sit in a special seating area to review the Coin Ceremony.
  • Top Performer Ceremony (10:30am): The Commander of Basic Military Training invites honor graduates and their families to a special ceremony in their honor prior to the start of the Airman’s Coin Ceremony.
  • Airman’s Coin Ceremony followed immediately by Retreat:  in which we pay tribute to the flag. Meet with your Airman immediately afterward for the Tap-out. Airmen who are not tapped out will meet at the flagpole when they are dismissed.
  • Base Liberty – Immidiatly after ceremonies –  Most Airmen are released for Base Liberty immediately following the ceremonies. (Some Airmen may have limited visitation due to training requirements).
  • End of Liberty (8:00pm) – Airmen due back in their dormitory. Your Airman’s commander or military training instructor may impose an earlier return time.

Friday: Orientation Briefing, Parade, Open House and Town Pass

  • Orientation Briefing (7:15am): Pfingston Reception Center. You do not have to attend Friday’s Orientation Briefing if you have already attended an Orientation Briefing on Thursday. The same topics are discussed during Thursday’s and Friday’s Orientation Briefings.
  • Handicap Plus One Transportation to Parade Ground (7:15am-8:30am): Buses depart Pfingston Reception Center for easy access to the parade grounds for all Handicap guests plus one person to assist them. Picks up in cul de sac. Limited Parking is available to visitors at the parade grounds so plan on leaving early.
  • Graduation Parade (9:00am): Watch Airmen “Pass In Review” and reaffirm their “Oath of Enlistment” at graduation parade; Airmen are released for base liberty and may take photographs by historical aircraft positioned around the parade field.
  • Return Bus (Only for Handicap Visitor plus one to Assist) (9:45am): Buses depart the parade ground for the Pfingston Reception Center. All other visitors must drive or walk back.
  • Squadron Open House (10:15-11:15am): Visit your Airman’s dormitory; parking in squadrons is prohibited. 
  • Town Pass (Airmen are released immediately following conclusion of Squadron Open House.)
  • End of Liberty (8:00pm): Airmen are due back in their dormitory.

Saturday: Town Pass Day

  • Town Pass (9:00am): Airmen begin arriving at the Reception Center to start Town Pass. View ideas on what to do on Town Pass Day
  • End of Town Pass (8:00pm): Airmen are due back in their dormitory

Sunday: Religious Services and Base Liberty

  • Religious Services (6:30am-4:00pm): If you and your Airman plan to attend religious services, you must attend your Airman’s designated service for their denomination. You must meet your Airman at the Chapel at the designated time (schedule with them). You cannot meet them at the squadrons.
  • Base Liberty (9:00am): Airmen are released from their squadrons for base liberty with families. Those who are awarded to Top Physically Fit Airmen, members of Honor Flights, and Honor Graduates will receive a Special Town Pass for Sunday. All others will receive base liberty.
  • End of Liberty (6:00pm): Airmen are due back in their dorms. Your Airman’s commander or military training instructor may impose an earlier return time.

Source: https;//afwm.org/grad-info/bmt-schedule-of-events/

Also please note:

  • YOUR TRAINEE IS PROHIBITED FROM:
    • Purchasing, possessing or consuming any alcoholic beverage.
    • Purchasing, possessing or using any tobacco products.
    • Purchasing, possessing or using any over the counter medication/supplements not prescribed or cleared by a military medical doctor.
    • Purchasing, possessing or inhaling aerosol products. They are strictly prohibited and they are not allowed to purchase them while attending BMT.
    • Purchasing or possessing any obscene or pornographic material.
    • Taking any food items into the dormitory.
    • Operating any motor vehicle.
    • Going off base, except for approved town pass and officially approved duty.
    • Wearing civilian clothing. They must remain in uniform at all times to include town pass. Swimming at local hotels and theme parks is prohibited.
    • Visiting the Inns of Lackland, base lodging facilities or bases housing unless family members reside in these accommodations during graduation liberty/town pass. They must receive squadron leadership approval prior to visiting these locations.
    • Engaging in public displays of affection (PDA); i.e., kissing, holding hands, hugging, walking arm-in-arm (escorting), since it detracts from the professionalism and standards of conduct expected from military members while in uniform. While avoiding PDA is the expected custom of all military members, there are some brief exceptions. A “brief” display of affection, such as a hug or kiss at homecomings, deployments and graduations are acceptable with moderation and respect.
    • Until they depart BMT they will held accountable for all of the 25 “Trainee Rules of Conduct”. The ones not included are for the “training environment” activities. These are the most important rules to follow while on Town Pass or Base Liberty. Enjoy your time and keep the rules in mind when with your Airmen.
  • Airmen must remain in the San Antonio metropolitan area.  Other than Fiesta Texas and Randolph AFB (which are already approved), Airmen must coordinate exceptions to this limitation through their Training Squadron Leadership. Airmen are also prohibited from visiting the ‘off-limits’ establishments discussed during their Town Pass briefing. A listing of these establishments is also displayed on their dormitory bulletin board.

SOURCES:

  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_OoqORyHQ-U
  • https;//afwm.org/grad-info/bmt-schedule-of-events/

What to expect in -BMT- Basic Military Training at Lackalnd Air Force Base

You may also be interested in learning about what to do when Sightseeing at Lackland Air Force Base,  Lodging at Lackland Air Force Base – Book Early for Graduation or BMT Graduation Rings!

This is what to expect at BMT at Lackland AFB.

 

 

Common terms and abbreviations 

In Lackland Air Force Base a number of terms are used in such a way that your airman will probably end up using them with you. If you want to learn more about those terms and abbreviations follow this link.

Communication

Communication in Lackland is completely different from things in the real world. Yes, you heard it, students in Lackland are not allowed to use their cellphones and sending videos and pictures is prohibited. Families will only hear from their airman in phone calls and letters.

 

Transportation

You can take your personal car with you if you do take exit 4 I-410W and go through airman’s gate, which is open 24 hours a day. You can also rent your car too which as an easy way of not complicating yourself just make sure you check which are the car agencies available at San Antonio International Airport. The airport is located 18 miles away from Lackland Airforce Base.

Taxi drivers can take you from the airport to Lackland but you have to check that the driver has a valid military ID because they won’t be able to ride in the base.  Some of the taxi companies around that are available are:

* Yellow Cab Taxi (210) 222-2222
* A1 Express Taxi (210) 224-8294
* AAA Taxi Service (210) 599-9999
* National Cab (210) 434-4444
* Towne Car Taxi (210) 826-8294

Weather

During the graduation ceremony, there is not a specific dress for the visitors. Comfortable clothes are recommended since you will be sitting in bleachers.

The experience of 3rd CCS from Lackland Air Force Base told from day zero till graduation. Know what is the real life in the AFB.

Information is taken from:

https;//www.lackland-afb-graduation.com/

https;//afwm.org/

What to do? Sightseeing at Lackland Air Force Base.

In Lackland Air Force Base has 2 museums, it has objects, aircrafts, weapons that date from World War I. There is also a great display of airplanes like P-38, Lightning, B-17 Flying Fortress, and  P-82 Twin Mustang. Tourists can stay in the surrounding hotels. And enjoy them with their airmen during base liberties.

Air Force Security Forces Museum San Antonio Texas

US Air Force Airman Heritage Museum San Antonio Texas

 

Planes on Display at Lackland AFB San Antonio, TX

You can also take advantage of these pre-weekend and weekend specials nearby:

  • Donate BloodYou’ve got what it takes to save three lives with a single donation.  There will be a line in the reception center (near the restrooms) from 8:15 to 9:30am and again from 11:30am to 1:30pm.  Everyone who donates blood receives a military coin.
  • Gateway Club Lunch/Dinner Opportunity: Lunch Buffet available on Thursday from 11-3pm ($9.95 per person), Dinner Buffet available from 4-7:30pm ($9.95 per person).  Located at Lackland AFB, 1650 Kenly Avenue, Bldg. 2490.  Large groups urged to call ahead to reserve space: (210) 645-7034.
  • Greenside Grill Breakfast/Lunch/Dinner Opportunity:  Located on Lackland AFB at the Gateway Hills golf course, 1800 Dimsted Place.  Breakfast favorites include tacos, pancakes, French toast and assorted omelets.   Lunch favorites include hamburgers, Chicken Fried Steak, Hot dogs, Fried Chicken, Tuna, Chicken salad or deli sandwiches.  Great Steak Night is also on Thursday from 4-7pm.  $15 in advance, $17 at the door (Children’s menu also available for $6.00).  Space is limited to the first 80 people who pay for the dinner. Please call 210-671-3466 to reserve your steak dinner on Thursday of graduation weekend.  For more information, click HERE.  NOTE: The Great Steak Night for Thanksgiving week will be on Wednesday the 23rd instead of Thursday, due to the holiday.
  • Suzie’s Kitchen Lunch Opportunity: Located in the Skylark Bowling Center at Lackland AFB (1610 Luke Blvd., Bldg. 6476), Suzie’s Kitchen specializes in pizza, subs and wings.  Lunch specials from 11-2pm. 210-671-1234.

Sources:

Military Spouse Guides

AFWM

TripAdvisor

Lodging at Lackland Air Force Base – Book Early for Graduation!

Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lackland_Air_Force_Base_-_Greetings_From_Lackland_AFB.jpg

On Base? Off Base? Lackland Air Force Base has 3 lodging hotels inside the base. The Gateway Villa, The Gateway Inn, and The Gateway Lodge.  In a few words, if you like convenience and practicality book early on base. Another important thing to note is that your airmen need a “Hotel Waiver”  in order to enter the hotel room.

Booking a room for the Air Force BMT graduation can be tough. On base, hotels are very practical, but you might also end up having to share a bathroom with a stranger, o so says Zoe Wolf from Military Spouse Guides*.

The hotels are basic but comfortable. Comparable to a best western, they are not luxurious but they aren’t bad either. Prices range from $35 – $65 per night. You can request to stay at a specific hotel, but it’s really subject to available rooming.

It’s also important to note that officers on active duty have priority on booking. This means that if there is a reservation conflict or over-booking you might have to give up the room. Off-base alternatives are usually arranged for you in case you are asked to “surrender” the room. Still, Zoey recommends you always have a backup plan, such as these off-base alternatives.

The benefits of booking on-base are being close to everything, also the disposition of areas where to spend time with your airmen when they have base liberties. As there are little other options to spend time together.

 

More about the Gateway Inn

Here is a video from Karey Ellen, who stayed at the Gateway IN, in San Antonio, Texas for her husband’s graduation from basic military training in August of 2011.

More on the Gateway Villa

All of them were built to provide facilities to duty airmen, reservists, and families.

Now for some insights into the Gateway Lodge we could not find a video, but found these reviews instead.  

For example:

“Well…the room was clean and decently decorated. The sleeping area is about 12 x 13 with enough space to walk around the queen bed. There is a desk on one side of the bed and an easy chair on the door side. At the foot of the bed there is about three feet of walking space and a large cabinet that the TV (a flat 32”) site. If someone is sitting at the desk they occupy all the space between the desk and bed. On the other side of the wall that had the desk is another small area with a sink, closets, refrigerator/microwave and the connecting door to the shared bathroom. If you share the connecting room with a family member the set up isn’t too bad.

Bad – The worst thing I noted was that you can hear bathroom noises very loudly (since there is only a slab door for separation) and the toilet is extremely loud when you flush. In fact it was so loud that I felt bad flushing the toilet on my nightly sojourns.

There was new carpet in the room but it is a thin industrial grade carpet glued to a concrete floor. This is not very comfortable underfoot.

I stayed here for five days and our toiletries were never replaced.

Shower head was awful as it was mounted at about 5’6” and the spray came out in a circle pattern with a fine mist. The head has settings available but it was calcified in place so there was no chance of changing it.

Good – The bed slept very well and the room seemed to stay nice and dark in the early morning hours so it was easy to sleep in.

The internet was fast and reliable.

The price is reasonable as you pay less than $45 for the room – I think $44 as of 1 Oct 2014. I wouldn’t stay here if I had to pay more! Stayed: September 2014, traveled with family”

So for more on off-base and on-base Hotels

Sources:

Military Spouse Guides

AFWM

TripAdvisor

 

HOW DRONES ARE USED IN PROFESSIONAL FILM PRODUCTION

It was illegal in the U.S. to use drones when shooting in a feature film, that is until 2014, when the law was changed. Still, to be able to usefully equipped professional cinematic drones for shooting video, companies might have to send detailed safety procedures,  make sure the people to fly the drones have private pilot certificates and agree to keep eyes at all times on the craft. Also no night flights or flying over restricted airspace.  Bellow you will find some great insights into the basic cinematic drone camara techniques.

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8 Great Drone Shots

  • The Unveiling Shot is a usually used to set the theme while introducing a  location. It has two parts, the start, where you only see the local limits and have no idea of the geographical context and the end, where you have the big picture completely revealed. The idea is that the local foreground works as an inverted curtain, that “unveils” the location in a smooth rise.
  • The Loo-up Shot  This is another way to introduce a geographical and emotional setting. It consists of having the drown move slowly at the same altitude while moving the camera from looking completely down to completely horizontal.  The movement of the camera can be influenced by keeping an object placed in a specific position of the frame as the drone moves.
  • Pull Back Shot Simple and Dramatic, all you have to do is to flight away from a setting.
  • Head Over Shot The head over shot is a slow spiraling rise with camara looking straight down at the center of a nice scenery. A second variation would be a smooth slow straight line movement instead of a rise, remember keep things as slow as possible.
  • The Cam Crane Shot Imitating the crane shot of the orignal crane.
  • Course Lock Shot these are flight modes that can be used to enable the drone to fly automatically around an object while you focus on the camara and the shot.
  • Slider Shot: Vertical shot that uses multiple backgrounds at different distances, enabling for great cinematic effect.
  • Tripod Shot: A slow rotation pivoting on itself.

Computational Economics? Quick Summary.

Computational economics is a discipline that is related to computer science, economics and management. Computational models are developed to predict and understand economic dynamics.

” Computational economics uses computer-based economic modeling for the solution of analytically and statistically formulated economic problems. A research program, to that end, is agent-based computational economics (ACE), the computational study of economic processes, including whole economies, as dynamic systems of interacting agents. As such, it is an economic adaptation of the complex adaptive systems paradigm. Here the “agent” refers to “computational objects modeled as interacting according to rules,” not real people. Agents can represent social, biological, and/or physical entities. The theoretical assumption of mathematical optimization by agents in equilibrium is replaced by the less restrictive postulate of agents with bounded rationality adapting to market forces, including game-theoretical contexts. Starting from initial conditions determined by the modeler, an ACE model develops forward through time has driven solely by agent interactions. The ultimate scientific objective of the method is “to … test theoretical findings against real-world data in ways that permit empirically supported theories to cumulate over time, with each researcher’s work building appropriately on the work that has gone before.”

Computational solution tools include for example software for carrying out various matrix operations (e.g. matrix inversion) and for solving systems of linear and nonlinear equations. For a repository of public-domain computational solution tools.

The following journals specialize in computational economics: ACM Transactions on Economics and ComputationComputational EconomicsJournal of Applied EconometricsJournal of Economic Dynamics and Control, and the Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination.”  Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computational_economics

What is Complexity Economics?

Complexity economics is basically the application of complexity science to economics. It sees economics not as a system in equilibrium but one that is under constant construction.

Measures used in Complexity Economics

Economic complexity index

Harvard economist Ricardo Hausmann and MIT physicist Cesar A. Hidalgo introduced a spectral method to measure the complexity of a country’s economy by inferring it from the structure of the network connecting countries to the products that they export. The measure combines information of a country’s diversity, which is positively correlated with a country’s productive knowledge, with measures of a product ubiquity (number of countries that produce or export the product). This concept, known as the “Product Space”, has been further developed by MIT’s Observatory of Economic Complexity, and in The Atlas of Economic Complexity in 2011.

Relevance

The economic complexity index (ECI) introduced by Hausmann and Hidalgo is highly predictive of future GDP per capita growth. In Hausmann, Hidalgo et al., the authors show that the List of countries by future GDP (based on ECI) estimates ability of the ECI to predict future GDP per capita growth is between 5 times and 20 times larger than the World Bank’s measure of governance, the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) and standard measures of human capital, such as years of schooling and cognitive ability.

Metrics for country fitness and product complexity

Pietronero and collaborators have recently proposed a different approach. These metrics are defined as the fixed point of the non-linear iterative map. Differently, from the linear algorithm giving rise to the ECI, this non-linearity is a key point to properly deal with the nested structure of the data. The authors of this alternative formula claim it has several advantages:

  • Consistency with the empirical evidence from the export country-product matrix that diversification plays a crucial role in the assessment of the competitiveness of countries. The metrics for countries proposed by Pietronero is indeed extensive with respect to the number of products.
  • Non-linear coupling between fitness and complexity required by the nested structure of the country-product matrix. The nested structure implies that the information on the complexity of a product must be bounded by the producers with the lowest fitness.
  • Broad and Pareto-like distribution of the metrics.
  • Each iteration of the method refines information, does not change the meaning of the iterated variables and does not shrink information.

The metrics for country fitness and product complexity have been used in a report of the Boston Consulting Group on Sweden growth and development perspectives.” Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Complexity_economics

What are Behavioral Economics?

Behavioral economics studies the effects that emotional, social and cognitive factors cause in the economy. They change variables in different scenes in order to determine generally how these factors affect the economy.

” Behavioral economics is primarily concerned with the bounds of rationality of economic agents. Behavioral models typically integrate insights from psychology, neuroscience, and microeconomic theory; in so doing, these behavioral models cover a range of concepts, methods, and fields.

The study of behavioral economics includes how market decisions are made and the mechanisms that drive public choice. The use of the term “behavioral economics” in U.S. scholarly papers has increased in the past few years, as shown by a recent study.

In 2017, economist Richard Thaler was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences for his contributions to behavioral economics and his pioneering work in establishing that people are predictably irrational in ways that defy economic theory.

Three prevalent themes in behavioral finances:

  • Heuristics: Humans make 95% of their decisions using mental shortcuts or rules of thumb.
  • Framing: The collection of anecdotes and stereotypes that make up the mental emotional filters individuals rely on to understand and respond to events.
  • Market inefficiencies: These include mispricings and non-rational decision making.” Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behavioral_economics.

Summary of Applied Economics

Applied economics is the application of economic theory and econometrics in certain settings. The ample range of theories where they can be applied is demographic economics, business economics, industrial organization, education economics and monetary economics.

How did the term applied economics originated?

“The origin and meanings of Applied Economics have a long history going back to the writing of Say and Mill. Say wrote about “applying” the “general principles of political economy” to “ascertain the rule of action of any combination of circumstances presented to us.” The full title of Mill’s (1848) work is Principles of Political Economy with Some of Their Applications to Social Philosophy.

J. Keynes discussion

John Neville Keynes was perhaps the first to use the phrase “applied economics”. He noted that the “English School” (John Stuart Mill, John Elliott Cairnes, and Nassau William Senior) believed that political economy was a positive, abstract, deductive science; and that this school made a clear distinction “between political economy itself and its applications to practice” (1917, 12). This School thought that a general body of theory could be established through abstract reasoning – not relying on a wide knowledge of economic facts. From this point of view applying this theory involved making allowances for some of the factors ignored in building the abstract theories. Keynes wrote about applying the political economies hypothetical laws to interpreting and explaining of “concrete industrial facts.” The issue of conceptual distinction between political economy as a science (involving formulating laws which govern the production and distribution of wealth) and political economy as an art (using the laws to tackle practical problems).

Whilst noting the rival view of the historical economists, who believed that the goals being pursued by policy makers and the means to pursue them were an integral part of the science of economics, J.N Keynes believed in the desirability of the “English School’s” distinction between the discovery of principles and their application (1917, 54).

Indeed, it was he who proposed using the phrase “applied economics” instead of “the art of political economy”. Keynes further discussed the uses of the phrases applied political economy and applied economics noting three different uses:

  1. in the sense suggested in the text [in association with the art of political economy];
  2. to designate the application of economic theory to the interpretation and explanation of particular economic phenomena, without any necessary reference however, to the solution of practical questions;
  3. to mark off the more concrete and specialized portions of economic doctrine from those more abstract doctrines that are held to pervade all economic reasoning. (1917, 58–59) and applying theories of the economy on what we have in reality to get a healthy enterprise and business prosperity.” Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Applied_economics

 

What is Anarchist Economics?

Anarchist economics is a set of theories and practices of economics. Anarchists are anti-capitalism which means they believe that capitalism promotes an oppressive system collecting rents and private property, taking profit in exchanges.

Historical items on anarchist economics

“The early English anarchist William Godwin’s views on economics could be summarized as follows: “he envisages the possibility of specialization in the various crafts, which would lead to a man’s following the task for which he had the greatest aptitude, and distributing his surplus products to whoever may need them, receiving what he himself needs other things from the surplus produced by his neighbours, but always on the basis of free distribution, not of exchange. It is evident that, despite his speculations on the future of machinery, Godwin’s ideal society is based on the economics of handcrafts and cultivation.

In Europe, an early anarchist communist was Joseph Déjacque, the first person to describe himself as “libertarian”. Unlike and against Proudhon, he argued that “it is not the product of his or her labor that the worker has a right to, but to the satisfaction of his or her needs, whatever may be their nature.”Returning to New York he was able to serialize his book in his periodical Le Libertaire, Journal du Mouvement social. Published in 27 issues from June 9, 1858, to February 4, 1861, Le Libertaire was the first anarcho-communist journal published in the United States. ” Source:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anarchist_economics

What is Agricultural Economics?

Agricultural economics is one of the applied areas of economics which is focused on optimizing production and distribution of food. Land usage is also a theme that agriculture economics is concerned about its study.

“Agricultural economists have made substantial contributions to research in economics, econometrics, development economics, and environmental economics. Agricultural economics influences food policy, agricultural policy, and environmental policy.

Origins of agricultural economics

” Economics has been defined as the study of resource allocation under scarcity. Agricultural economics, or the application of economic methods to optimizing the decisions made by agricultural producers, grew to prominence around the turn of the 20th century. The field of agricultural economics can be traced out to works on land economics. Henry Charles Taylor was the greatest contributor to the establishment of the Department of Agricultural Economics at Wisconsin in 1909.

Another contributor, 1979 Nobel Economics Prize winner Theodore Schultz, was among the first to examine development economics as a problem related directly to agriculture. Schultz was also instrumental in establishing econometrics as a tool for use in analyzing agricultural economics empirically; he noted in his landmark 1956 article that agricultural supply analysis is rooted in “shifting sand”, implying that it was and is simply not being done correctly.

One scholar summarizes the development of agricultural economics as follows:

“Agricultural economics arose in the late 19th century, combined the theory of the firm with marketing and organization theory, and developed throughout the 20th century largely as an empirical branch of general economics. The discipline was closely linked to empirical applications of mathematical statistics and made early and significant contributions to econometric methods. In the 1960s and afterward, as agricultural sectors in the OECD countries contracted, agricultural economists were drawn to the development problems of poor countries, to the trade and macroeconomic policy implications of agriculture in rich countries, and to a variety of production, consumption, and environmental and resource problems.” Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agricultural_economics

What is Anthropology?

Anthropology science studies all themes related to human beings including past and present elements. Since it is so vast it has divided into various branches to specialize in getting more accurate information.

History of origin of the term anthropology

The term anthropology was first used in Renaissance Germany in the work of Magnus Hundt and Otto Casmann.

Anthropology and many other current fields are the intellectual results of the comparative methods developed in the earlier 19th century. Theorists in such diverse fields as anatomy, linguistics, and Ethnology, making feature-by-feature comparisons of their subject matters, were beginning to suspect that similarities between animals, languages, and folkways were the result of processes or laws unknown to them then. For them, the publication of Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species was the epiphany of everything they had begun to suspect. Darwin himself arrived at his conclusions through comparison of species he had seen in agronomy and in the wild.

Darwin and Wallace unveiled evolution in the late 1850s. There was an immediate rush to bring it into the social sciences. Paul Broca in Paris was in the process of breaking away from the Société de Biologie to form the first of the explicitly anthropological societies, the Société d’Anthropologie de Paris, meeting for the first time in Paris in 1859. When he read Darwin, he became an immediate convert to Transformisme, as the French called evolutionism. His definition now became “the study of the human group, considered as a whole, in its details, and in relation to the rest of nature”.” Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthropology

What is Accompaniment?

The accompaniment is the musical part that provides the rhythmic and harmonic support to music. Accompaniment varies from music genre and style. An accompanist is a musician who plays an accompaniment part in a song.

” In homophonic music, the main accompaniment approach used in popular music, a clear vocal melody is supported by subordinate chords. In popular music and traditional music, the accompaniment parts typically provide the “beat” for the music and outline the chord progression of the song or instrumental piece. The accompaniment for a vocal melody or instrumental solo can be played by a single musician playing an instrument such as piano, pipe organ, or guitar. While any instrument can, in theory, be used as an accompaniment instrument, keyboard and guitar-family instruments tend to be used if there is only a single instrument, as these instruments can play chords and basslines simultaneously (chords and a bassline are easier to play simultaneously on keyboard instruments, but a fingerpicking guitarist can play chords and a bassline simultaneously on guitar). A solo singer can accompany herself by playing guitar or piano while she sings, and in some rare cases, a solo singer can even accompany himself or herself just using his or her voice and body (e.g., Bobby McFerrin).

Alternatively, the accompaniment to a vocal melody or instrumental solo can be provided by a musical ensemble, ranging in size from a duo (e.g., cello and piano; guitar and double bass; synthesizer and percussion); a trio (e.g., a rock power trio of electric guitar, electric bass and drum kit; an organ trio); a quartet (e.g., a string quartet in Classical music can accompany a solo singer; a rock band or rhythm section in rock and pop; a jazz quartet in jazz); all the way to larger ensembles, such as concert bands, Big Bands (in jazz), pit orchestras in musical theatre; and orchestras, which, in addition to playing symphonies, can also provide accompaniment to a concertosolo instrumentalist or to solo singers in opera. With choral music, the accompaniment to a vocal solo can be provided by other singers in the choir, who sing harmony parts or countermelodies. Accompaniment parts range from so simple that a beginner can play them (e.g., simple three-note triad chords in a traditional folk song) to so complex that only an advanced player or singer can perform them (e.g., the piano parts in Schubert’s Lieder art songs from the 19th century or vocal parts from a Renaissance music motet).” Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accompaniment

What is Social Anthropology?

Social anthropology is very alike to cultural anthropology with the difference that it includes customs, economic and political organization, gender relations, socialization, and religion. Some of the specializations on social anthropology are medicine anthropology and musicology.

History of the science

” Social anthropology has historical roots in a number of 19th-century disciplines, including ethnology, folklore studies, and Classics, among others. (See History of anthropology.) Its immediate precursor took shape in the work of Edward Burnett Tylor and James George Frazer in the late 19th century and underwent major changes in both method and theory during the period 1890-1920 with a new emphasis on original fieldwork, long-term holistic study of social behavior in natural settings, and the introduction of French and German social theory. Bronislaw Malinowski, one of the most important influences on British social anthropology, emphasized long-term fieldwork in which anthropologists work in the vernacular and immerse themselves in the daily practices of local people. This development was bolstered by Franz Boas’s introduction of cultural relativism arguing that cultures are based on different ideas about the world and can therefore only be properly understood in terms of their own standards and values.

Museums such as the British Museum weren’t the only site of anthropological studies: with the New Imperialism period, starting in the 1870s, zoos became unattended “laboratories”, especially the so-called “ethnological exhibitions” or “Negro villages”. Thus, “savages” from the colonies were displayed, often nudes, in cages, in what has been called “human zoos”. For example, in 1906, Congolese pygmy Ota Benga was put by anthropologist Madison Grant in a cage in the Bronx Zoo, labelled “the missing link” between an orangutan and the “white race” — Grant, a renowned eugenicist, was also the author of The Passing of the Great Race (1916). Such exhibitions were attempts to illustrate and prove in the same movement the validity of scientific racism, which the first formulation may be found in Arthur de Gobineau’s An Essay on the Inequality of Human Races (1853–55). In 1931, the Colonial Exhibition in Paris still displayed Kanaks from New Caledonia in the “indigenous village”; it received 24 million visitors in six months, thus demonstrating the popularity of such “human zoos”.” Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_anthropology

What is Cultural Anthropology?

Cultural anthropology is a branch of anthropology and is focused on cultural variation. The methodology used in this science is rich, based on participant observation. The anthropologist has to be a lot of time on the site of study because of the need of doing surveys and interviews.

” Since humans acquire culture through the learning processes of enculturation and socialization, people living in different places or different circumstances develop different cultures. Anthropologists have also pointed out that through culture people can adapt to their environment in non-genetic ways, so people living in different environments will often have different cultures. Much of anthropological theory has originated in an appreciation of and interest in the tension between the local (particular cultures) and the global (a universal human nature, or the web of connections between people in distinct places/circumstances).

The rise of cultural anthropology took place within the context of the late 19th century when questions regarding which cultures were “primitive” and which were “civilized” occupied the minds of not only Marx and Freud but many others. Colonialism and its processes increasingly brought European thinkers into direct or indirect contact with “primitive others.” The relative status of various humans, some of whom had modern advanced technologies that included engines and telegraphs, while others lacked anything but face-to-face communication techniques and still lived a Paleolithic lifestyle, was of interest to the first generation of cultural anthropologists.” Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_anthropology

What is Linguistic Anthropology?

Linguistic anthropology is the study of how language has influencesocial life. This science started with the need to document endangered languages. During the last century, it has turned directly to aspects of language use and structure. This science also has to do with how language gives shape to communication, gives social identity and makes human beings part of groups, turning language in a cultural identification.

https://embed.ted.com/talks/lang/en/mark_pagel_how_language_transformed_humanity
History of the development of the science

” Alessandro Duranti has noted, three paradigms have emerged over the history of the subdiscipline: the first, now known as “anthropological linguistics,” focuses on the documentation of languages; the second, known as “linguistic anthropology,” engages in theoretical studies of language use; the third, developed over the past two or three decades, studies questions related to other subfields of anthropology with the tools of linguistic inquiry. Though they developed sequentially, all three paradigms are still practiced today.”

 

 

What is Biological Anthropology?

Biological anthropology is also known as physical anthropology. This discipline relates to human beings, behavior, and biological aspect. It also studies the human being and the relatives that include hominin ancestors.

Biological anthropology branches

As a subfield of anthropology, biological anthropology itself is further divided into several branches. All branches are united in their common application of evolutionary theory to understanding human morphology and behavior.

  • Paleoanthropology is the study of fossil evidence for human evolution, mainly using remains from extinct hominin and other primate species to determine the morphological and behavioral changes in the human lineage, as well as the environment in which human evolution occurred.
  • Human biology is an interdisciplinary field of biology, biological anthropology, nutrition, and medicine, which concerns international, population-level perspectives on health, evolution, anatomy, physiology, molecular biology, neuroscience, and genetics.
  • Primatology is the study of non-human primate behavior, morphology, and genetics. Primatologists use phylogenetic methods to infer which traits humans share with other primates and which are human-specific adaptations.
  • Human behavioral ecology is the study of behavioral adaptations (foraging, reproduction, ontogeny) from the evolutionary and ecologic perspectives (see behavioral ecology). It focuses on human adaptive responses (physiological, developmental, genetic) to environmental stresses.
  • Bioarchaeology is the study of past human cultures through examination of human remains recovered in an archaeological context. The examined human remains usually are limited to bones but may include preserved soft tissue. Researchers in bioarchaeology combine the skill sets of human osteology, paleopathology, and archaeology, and often consider the cultural and mortuary context of the remains.
  • Paleopathology is the study of disease in antiquity. This study focuses not only on pathogenic conditions observable in bones or mummified soft tissue, but also on nutritional disorders, variation in stature or morphology of bones over time, evidence of physical trauma, or evidence of occupationally derived biomechanic stress.
  • Forensic anthropology is the application of biological anthropology within a legal setting. Forensic anthropologists often assist law enforcement, coroners, and medical examiners in identifying and analyzing human remains.” source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biological_anthropology