Abraham Lincoln was the 16 th of the United States starting from March 1981 until April 1865 when he was murdered. Lincoln took the United States through the Civil War, set the way to eliminate slavery in the USA.
He was born in Hodgenville in Kentucky, mostly self-educated he became a lawyer in Illinois. As the leader of the moderate faction of the Republican Party, Lincoln confronted Radical Republicans, who demanded harsher treatment of the South, War Democrats, who rallied a large faction of former opponents into his camp, anti-war Democrats (called Copperheads), who despised him, and irreconcilable secessionists, who plotted his assassination. Lincoln fought back by pitting his opponents against each other, by carefully planned political patronage, and by appealing to the American people with his powers of oratory. His Gettysburg Address became an iconic endorsement of nationalism, republicanism, equal rights, liberty, and democracy. Lincoln concentrated on the military and political dimensions of the war in order to reunite the nation. He suspended habeas corpus, leading to the controversial ex parte Merryman decision, and he averted potential British intervention by defusing the Trent Affair. Lincoln closely supervised the war effort, especially the selection of generals, including his most successful general, Ulysses S. Grant. He made major decisions on Union war strategy, including a naval blockade that shut down the South’s trade. As the war progressed, his complex moves toward ending slavery included the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863; Lincoln used the U.S. Army to protect escaped slaves, encouraged the border states to outlaw slavery, and pushed through Congress the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which permanently outlawed slavery.” taken from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abraham_Lincoln
Many theories have overcome on why Booth killed President Lincoln some of them say There are various theories about Booth’s motivations. In a letter to his mother, he wrote of his desire to avenge the South. Doris Kearns Goodwin has endorsed the idea that another factor was Wilkes’ rivalry with his well-known older brother, actor Edwin Booth, who was a loyal Unionist. David S. Reynolds believes Wilkes greatly admired the abolitionist John Brown; Wilkes’ sister Asia Booth Clarke quoted him as saying: “John Brown was a man inspired, the grandest character of the century!” On April 11, Booth attended Lincoln’s speech at the White House in which Lincoln promoted voting rights for blacks; Booth said “That means nigger citizenship … That is the last speech he will ever give.” He urged Lewis Powell to shoot Lincoln on the spot, and when Powell refused for fear of the crowd, said to David Herold, “By God, I’ll put him through.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assassination_of_Abraham_Lincoln
Booth´s words after he killed President Lincoln.